Over the Counter (OTC)

OTC (over-the-counter): Available without a prescription. OTC drugs are available without a prescription, simply "over the counter." OTC drugs are in contrast to prescription drugs that require a doctor's order.

Over the Counter Medications

OTC drugs are medications that are safe and effective for use by the general public without seeking treatment by a health professional. Popular examples include pain relievers like acetaminophen and ibuprofen, cough suppressants such as dextromethorphan and antihistamines like loratadine. These drugs are usually located on shelves in pharmacies, grocery stores, and even in gas stations. OTC medicines treat a variety symptoms due to illness including pain, coughs and colds, diarrhea, heartburn, constipation, acne, and others.

More information about OTC products

What is an Rx-to-OTC switch?

Many OTC drugs have undergone a prescription to over-the-counter switch — also known as “Rx-to-OTC switch” — meaning they were previously available only with a prescription but now can be bought as a nonprescription product. For example, proton-pump inhibitors like esomeprazole and stomach acid blockers like ranitidine, both used for heartburn, are examples of products that have made the Rx-to-OTC switch. The emergency contraceptive pill (“the morning-after pill”) known as Plan B One Step is now available OTC without age restriction and can be found on the shelves in many pharmacies in the U.S.

Are some drugs kept behind the pharmacy counter?

A more restricted class of OTC drugs also exists. These products, while considered OTC, are kept behind the pharmacy counter and are dispensed by a pharmacist. Some products, such as pseudoephedrine, which is subject to abuse, may require proper identification and a signature. Naloxone is a life-saving drug that can reverse sedation and depressed breathing in an opioid-overdose. In all states, pharmacists are now allowed to dispense naloxone to the public based on a standing prescription order or other rules specific to their state.

Does the FDA review over-the-counter (OTC) drugs?

The review of OTC medications is primarily handled by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration’s (FDA) Division of Drug Information (CDER), the Office of Drug Evaluation, and the Nonprescription Drug Advisory Committee. These teams evaluate and review OTC ingredients and labels. An OTC drug monograph is established for each class of product. The monograph contains acceptable ingredients, doses, formulations, and labeling. New products that conform to an existing OTC drug monograph may be marketed without further FDA review. Those OTC products that do not conform to an OTC monograph must undergo approval through the FDA’s New Drug Approval System.

Are over-the-counter (OTC) drugs safe to use?

Over-the-counter medications can still carry a risk, even though they do not require a prescription. There is the possibility of side effects, drug interactions, or harm due to excessive doses. Consumers should read the “Drug Facts” label that is found on all OTC products. All patients should consult with their doctor, pharmacist or other health care provider if they have additional questions concerning OTC drug use. Pregnant women should speak with their doctor before taking any medication, vitamin, or herbal supplement, even if it’s an OTC product.

About Taj Generics – Division Taj Pharma

Taj Pharmaceuticals is the global leader in generics and one of the India’s top ten pharmaceutical companies. Taj Pharma India play a leading role in therapeutic areas such as cancer, virology and transplantation. The combined strengths of Taj Pharma generics and pharmaceuticals businesses, coupled with expertise in the emerging genetic sciences, equip us to develop integrated healthcare solutions and therapeutic approaches tailored to individual patients’ needs. Taj Pharmaceutical’s products and services address the entire healthcare spectrum, from screening for genetic risk factors, to preventing, diagnosing and treating disease, and monitoring the treatment response.

Taj Pharma India delivers a unique contribution to better healthcare. Taj Pharma India aim to reduce suffering and improve health and quality of life of people all around the world. At Taj Pharmaceuticals, Taj Pharma India have pursued this mission with patience, dedication, imagination and skill, for over a century. Taj Pharma vision is to develop targeted medicines and diagnostic tools that combine to offer patients, physicians and payers better, safer, more cost-effective healthcare.

Once again, welcome to Taj Pharmaceuticals, a great company that is translating a great vision into reality – We Innovate Healthcare.

Related Products:

Taj Generics (Taj Pharma) provides a wide range of products to the Indian market, including an extensive range of generics and specialty products; Our products cover a vast array of therapeutic categories, and we offer an extensive range of dosage forms and delivery systems including oral solids, controlled-release, steriles, injectables, topicals, liquids, transdermals, semi-solids and high-potency products. Our Generics portfolio offers over 1500 products in the major therapeutic areas of gastro-intestinal, cardiovascular, pain management, oncology, anti-infectives, paediatrics and dermatology.