Opipramol Dihydrochloride Tablets 50mg Taj Pharma

  1. NAME OF THE MEDICINAL PRODUCT

Opipramol Dihydrochloride Tablets 50mg Taj Pharma
Opipramol Dihydrochloride Tablets 100mg Taj Pharma

  1. QUALITATIVE AND QUANTITATIVE COMPOSITION

a) Opipramol Dihydrochloride Tablets 50mg Taj Pharma
Each film coated tablet contains:
Opipramol Dihydrochloride 50mg
Excipients: Q.S.

b) Opipramol Dihydrochloride Tablets 100mg Taj Pharma
Each film coated tablet contains:
Opipramol Dihydrochloride 100mg
Excipients: Q.S.

For full list of excipients see section 6.1

Excipients:

Lactose 45.6mg
Sucrose 81.3mg

For a full list of excipients, see section 6.1

  1. PHARMACEUTICAL FORM

Film coated tablet

Reddish and round coated tablet.

  1. CLINICAL PARTICULARS
  • Therapeutic indications

Generalised anxiety disorders and somatoform disorders.

  • Posology and method of administration

The treatment must always be under medical supervision.

The dosage in adults is usually 50mg Opipramol Dihydrochloride Taj Pharma in the morning and at midday and 100mg Opipramol Dihydrochloride Taj Pharma at night.

Depending on efficacy and tolerability, the dose can be reduced to 50mg – 100mg Opipramol Dihydrochloride Taj Pharma once daily, preferably at night, or increased to 100mg Opipramol Dihydrochloride Taj Pharma up to 3 times a day.

Children over 6 years are given 3mg Opipramol Dihydrochloride Taj Pharma/kg body weight. As experiences with opipramol are limited in paediatrics, this dosage recommendation is for guidance only.

Opipramol Dihydrochloride Taj Pharma 50mg coated tablets should be taken with some liquid (water, fruit juice).

As the effect of opipramol is not apparent suddenly and the overall alteration in mood occurs gradually, this medicinal product should be taken regularly for at least 2 weeks.

An average treatment period of 1-2 months is advisable.

  • Contraindications
  • hypersensitivity to Opipramol Dihydrochloride Taj Pharma, tricyclic antidepressants or to any of the excipients
  • acute alcohol, hypnotic, analgesic and psychotropic intoxication
  • acute urinary retention
  • acute delirium
  • untreated narrow-angle glaucoma
  • prostatic hypertrophy with residual urine
  • paralytic ileus
  • pre-existing higher-degree AV block or diffuse supraventricular or ventricular conduction disorders
  • combination with monoaminoxidase (MAO) inhibitors (see section 4.5)
    • Special warnings and precautions for use

Opipramol should not be used with prostatic hypertrophy without residual urine, manifest hepatic and renal disease, increased tendency to seizures (e.g. with brain damage of various aetiology, epilepsy, alcoholism), cerebrovascular insufficiency and previous cardiac damage, particularly conduction disorders. Patients with pre-existing first-degree AV block or other conduction disorders should be treated only with frequent ECG monitoring (for higher-degree AV block, see section 4.3).

As alterations in the blood count (neutropenia, agranulocytosis) can occur very rarely, the blood count should be measured during treatment with opipramol, particularly if fever, flu-like infections and sore throat occur.

Opipramol can cause hypersensitivity reactions, including delayed reactions. If allergic skin reactions occur, opipramol must be discontinued.

During prolonged treatment, it is advisable to measure the liver function tests.

Patients with the rare hereditary problems of galactose intolerance, the Lapp lactase deficiency, glucose-galactose malabsorption, fructose intolerance or sucraseisomaltase insufficiency should not take this medicine.

  • Interactions with other medicinal products and other forms of interaction

Treatment with opipramol does not preclude additional therapy with neuroleptics, hypnotics and tranquilizers (e.g. benzodiazepines). It should be noted that a few specific effects, particularly centrally depressant effects, can be intensified with combined medication. The same applies for sedation after systemic anaesthetics.

The effect particularly of strong anticholinergics, such as antiparkinson agents and phenotiazines, can be intensified.

Concomitant treatment with serotonin reuptake inhibitors and opipramol can lead to additive effects on the serotoninergic system. With fluoxetine and fluvoxamine there can be an increase in the plasma concentrations of tricyclic psychotropic substances and an associated intensification of the undesirable effects. If necessary, the dose of opipramol should be reduced.

Combination with alcohol can lead to drowsiness.

MAO inhibitors should be stopped at least 14 days before treatment with opipramol.

The same applies for opipramol when MAO inhibitors are given afterwards.

Concomitant use of beta-blockers (e.g. propanolol), class Ic antiarrhythmics and substances from the group of the tricyclic antidepressants and preparations that affect the microsomal enzyme system of the liver can lead to a change in the plasma concentration of these substances and of opipramol. Barbiturates and anticonvulsants can reduce the plasma concentration of opipramol and thus diminish the therapeutic effect. Concomitant administration of neuroleptics (e.g. haloperidol, risperidone) can increase the plasma concentration of opipramol. If necessary, appropriate dose adjustments should be made.

  • Pregnancy and lactation

There are no data on exposed pregnant women for opipramol.

Animal studies do not permit conclusions on harmful effects of opipramol on embryonic development or fertility (see section 5.3). Opipramol should be prescribed during pregnancy, particularly the first trimester, only if strictly indicated.

Opipramol should not be used during the lactation period as the active substance passes into breast milk in small amounts. If strictly indicated, breast-feeding should be discontinued.

  • Effects on ability to drive and use machines

The ability to react can be altered with correct use of Opipramol Dihydrochloride Taj Pharma so that the ability to drive or use machines is impaired, particularly in combination with alcohol.

  • Undesirable effects

Rates of incidence:

common (≥1/100, <1/10); uncommon (≥1/1,000, ≤1/100); rare (≥1/10,000, ≤1/1,000); very rare (≤1/10,000)

common uncommon rare very rare
Blood and the

lymphatic system disorders

Blood count changes,

especially leucopenia

Agranulocytosis
Nervous system

disorders

Particularly at

the start of treatment fatigue, dry mouth,

blocked nose

Vertigo, drowsiness, disorders of

micturition, disorders of accommodation, tremor,

weight gain, sensation of thirst

Excitation states, headache, paraesthesias,

particularly in elderly

patients, confusional

states and delirium, particularly with sudden

discontinuation of more

prolonged high-dose

therapy, agitation,

sweating and sleep disorders

Cerebral seizures,

motor disorders

(akathisia, dyskinesias), ataxia,

polyneuropathies,

sudden glaucoma,

anxiety states

Cardiac disorders Particularly at

the start of

treatment hypotension and orthostatic dysregulation

Tachycardia,

palpitations

Collapse states, conduction disorders, intensification of existing heart

failure

Gastrointestinal

disorders

Constipation Gastrointestinal disorders, taste disorders,

paralytic ileus, particularly with sudden discontinuation of more prolonged

high-dose therapy, nausea and vomiting

Hepato-biliary

disorders

Temporary rises

in liver enzyme

activity

Severe liver function disorders, after

long-term treatment icterus and

chronic liver damage

Skin and subcutaneous tissue

disorders

Allergic skin reactions

(exanthem, urticaria)

Oedema Hair loss
Renal and urinary disorders Urinary retention
Reproductive

system and

breast disorders

Ejaculation disorders, erectile

impotence

Galactorrhoea

 

  • Overdose

Symptoms of intoxication

Drowsiness, insomnia, dizziness, agitation, coma, stupor, temporary confusional states, increased anxiety, ataxia, convulsions, oliguria, anuria, tachy-/bradycardia, arrhythmia, AV block, hypotension, shock, respiratory depression, rarely cardiac arrest.

Treatment of intoxication

A specific antidote is not available. The harmful agent should be removed by vomiting and/or gastric lavage. The patient should be admitted to hospital with vital functions protected. Cardiovascular monitoring should be continued for at least 48 hours.

In the case of overdose, the following measures should be instituted:

  • Respiratory insufficiency: intubation and artificial ventilation
  • Severe hypotension: appropriate positioning, plasma expanders, dopamine or dobutamine as drip infusion.
  • Cardiac arrhythmias: individual treatment; if necessary cardiac pacemaker, correction of low potassium levels and possible acidosis.
  • Convulsions: injection of diazepam intravenously or a different anticonvulsant agent such as phenobarbital or paraldehyde (caution: possible intensification of existing respiratory insufficiency, hypotension or coma by these substances).
  • Dialysis and haemodialysis are of hardly any benefit.

As children react much more sensitively to acute overdoses of tricyclic antidepressants/anxiolytics than adults and as serious incidents have been reported, all possible measures should be taken to prevent overdose; if they occur nevertheless, the symptoms of overdose must be taken seriously and treated carefully.

  1. PHARMACOLOGICAL PROPERTIES
  • Pharmacodynamic properties

Pharmacotherapeutic group

Sedative/Anxiolytic

Mechanism of action

Opipramol has high affinity for the sigma binding sites (type 1 and type 2) and has an antagonistic effect at the type 1 histamine receptors. The affinity for the type 2A serotonin receptors, type 2 dopamine receptors and the α-adrenergic receptors is lower.

In contrast to the structurally related tricyclic antidepressants, opipramol has only slight anticholinergic activity and does not inhibit the reuptake of serotonin or noradrenaline.

Opipramol has a modulating effect on the NMDA system through the sigma receptors; protective effects against neuron loss due to ischaemia in the hippocampus region were demonstrated in animal experiments.

The dopamine turnover is increased. Similar modulating effects are described for sigma ligands in the serotoninergic and noradrenergic system also. Opipramol, like other more selective sigma ligands, is active in pharmacologic behavioural models, which are indicative of anxiolysis, and has comparatively lower activity in the swimming test in the rat, which is used as a screening method for potential antidepressants.

In humans, opipramol has sedating, anxiolytic and slight mood-elevating effects.

  • Pharmacokinetic properties

Following oral ingestion, opipramol is absorbed rapidly and completely. Partial metabolism to dehydroxyethyl-opipramol takes place during its passage through the liver. The plasma protein binding is about 91%, the distribution volume is approx. 10 l/kg and the elimination half-life is about 11 hours.

Opipramol is essentially metabolised by the CYP2D6 isoenzyme. In patients with CYP2D6 deficiency (“poor metabolisers“) the maximum plasma concentration of opipramol can be up to 2.5 times higher than with normal metabolism. However, the elimination half-life is not prolongated with chronic use, so that accumulation of opipramol is not to be expected even in slow metabolisers.

  • Preclinical safety data

The acute toxicity is relatively low. Intoxication symptoms affect the CNS predominantly (see section 4.9).

Subchronic and chronic administration of very high doses causes CNS symptoms, liver and lung damage, skin and coat changes and cataract formation in certain species.

In vitro and in vivo studies gave no evidence of mutagenic potential. Animal experiments yielded no evidence of an impairment of fertility by opipramol. In embryotoxicity studies no teratogenic effects occurred but embryotoxic effects were observed in the maternal toxic dose range. Studies of peri- and postnatal toxicity were not performed.

  1. PHARMACEUTICAL PARTICULARS
    • List of excipients

Tablet core:

  • Maize starch
  • Lactose monohydrate
  • Povidone K 30
  • Microcrystalline cellulose
  • Talcum
  • Magnesium stearate

Tablet coating:

  • Shellac
  • Talcum
  • Calcium carbonate
  • Sucrose
  • Kaolin white (white clay)
  • Acacia (gum arabic)
  • Titanium dioxide
  • Iron-(III)-oxide
  • Opaglos 6000 NS
  • made of yellow carnauba wax
  • and white beeswax
  • Sodium benzoate
    • Incompatibilities

Not applicable.

  • Shelf life

2 years

  • Special precautions for storage

Do not store above 25°C.

  • Nature and contents of container

Aluminium/PVC/PVDC blister

Pack sizes: 20, 40, 50, 60, 90,100, 120, 240, 360 and 500 film coated tablets

Hospital pack: 30 x 20

Not all pack sizes may be marketed.

  • Special precautions for disposal and other handling

No special requirements.

Manufactured in India by:
TAJ PHARMACEUTICALS LTD.
Mumbai, India
Unit No. 214.Old Bake House,
Maharashtra chambers of  Commerce Lane,
Fort, Mumbai – 400001
at: Gujarat, INDIA.
Customer Service and Product Inquiries:
1-800-TRY-FIRST (1-800-222-434 & 1-800-222-825)
Monday through Saturday 9:00 a.m. to 7:00 p.m. EST
E-mail: tajgroup@tajpharma.com

 

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