Docetaxel Injection USP 80mg/2.0ml With Solvent Taj Pharma

1.Name of the Medicinal product

  1. Docetaxel Injection USP 120mg/3.0ml With Solvent Taj Pharma
  2. Docetaxel Injection USP 80mg/2.0ml With Solvent Taj Pharma
  3. Docetaxel Injection USP 20mg/0.5ml With Solvent Taj Pharma
  1. Qualitative and Quantitative Composition

a) Docetaxel Injection USP 120mg/3.0ml With Solvent Taj Pharma
Each combipack contains
One vial of Doctaxel Injection USP 120mg/3.0ml
Each sterile vial contains
Docetaxel Trihydrate USP
Equivalent to Docetaxel Anhydrous                                                       120mg
Anhydrous Citric Acid USP                                                                     16.5mg
Polysorbate 80 USNF                                                                            3096mg
Accompanying with one vial of solvent for
Docetaxel Injection                                                                                120mg
Each sterile vial contains
Alcohol USP                                                                                          1170mg
Water for Injection USP                                                                      q.s. to 9.0 ml.

b) Docetaxel Injection USP 80mg/2.0ml With Solvent Taj Pharma
Each combipack contains
One vial of Doctaxel Injection USP        80mg/2.0ml
Each sterile vial contains
Docetaxel Trihydrate USP
Equivalent to Docetaxel Anhydrous                                                         80mg
Anhydrous Citric Acid USP                                                                        11mg
Polysorbate 80 USNF                                                                               2064mg
Accompanying with one vial of solvent for
Docetaxel Injection                                                                                      80mg
Each sterile vial contains
Alcohol USP                                                                                               780mg
Water for Injection USP                                                                           q.s. to 6.0 ml

c) Docetaxel Injection USP 20mg/0.5ml With Solvent Taj Pharma
Each combipack contains
One vial of Doctaxel Injection
USP 20mg/0.5ml
Each sterile vial contains
Docetaxel Trihydrate USP
Equivalent to Docetaxel Anhydrous                                                            20mg
Anhydrous Citric Acid USP                                                                        2.75mg
Polysorbate 80 USNF                                                                                516mg
Accompanying with one vial of solvent for
Docetaxel Injection                                                                                    20mg
Each sterile vial contains
Alcohol USP                                                                                             195mg
Water for Injection USP                                                                       q.s. to 1.5ml

For a full list of excipients, see section 6.1.

  1. Pharmaceutical form

Concentrate and solvent for solution for infusion.

  1. Clinical particulars

4.1 Therapeutic indications
Breast cancer

Docetaxel Actavis in combination with doxorubicin and cyclophosphamide is indicated for the adjuvant treatment of patients with operable node- positive breast cancer.

Docetaxel Actavis in combination with doxorubicin is indicated for the treatment of patients with locally advanced or metastatic breast cancer who have not previously received cytotoxic therapy for this condition.

Docetaxel Actavis monotherapy is indicated for the treatment of patients with locally advanced or metastatic breast cancer after failure of cytotoxic therapy. Previous chemotherapy should have included an anthracycline or an alkylating agent.

Docetaxel Actavis in combination with trastuzumab is indicated for the treatment of patients with metastatic breast cancer whose tumors overexpress HER2 and who previously have not received chemotherapy for metastatic disease.

Docetaxel Actavis in combination with capecitabine is indicated for the treatment of patients with locally advanced or metastatic breast cancer after failure of cytotoxic chemotherapy. Previous therapy should have included an anthracycline.

Non-small cell lung cancer

Docetaxel Actavis is indicated for the treatment of patients with locally advanced or metastatic non-small cell lung cancer after failure of prior chemotherapy.

Docetaxel Actavis in combination with cisplatin is indicated for the treatment of patients with unresectable, locally advanced or metastatic non-small cell lung cancer, in patients who have not previously received chemotherapy for this condition.

 

Prostate cancer

Docetaxel Actavis in combination with prednisone or prednisolone is indicated for the treatment of patients with hormone refractory metastatic prostate cancer.

Gastric Adenocarcinoma

Docetaxel Actavis in combination with cisplatin and 5-fluorouracil is indicated for the treatment of patients with metastatic gastric adenocarcinoma, including adenocarcinoma of the gastroesophageal junction, who have not received prior chemotherapy for metastatic disease.

Head and neck cancer

Docetaxel Actavis in combination with cisplatin and 5-fluorouracil is indicated for the induction treatment of patients with locally advanced squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck.

4.2  Posology and method of administration

The use of docetaxel should be confined to units specialised in the administration of cytotoxic chemotherapy and it should only be administered under the supervision of a physician qualified in the use of anticancer chemotherapy. After reconstitution of the concentrate vial with the approproiate solvent, the premix solution should be homogenous and clear (foaming is normal even after 3 minutes due to the presence of polysorbate 80 in the formulation). (see section 6.6 for instructions on the dilution of the product before administration).

Recommended dosage
For breast, non-small cell lung, gastric, and head and neck cancers, premedication consisting of an oral corticosteroid, such as dexamethasone 16 mg per day (e.g. 8 mg BID) for 3 days starting 1 day prior to docetaxel administration, unless contraindicated, can be used (see section 4.4). Prophylactic G-CSF may be used to mitigate the risk of hematological toxicities. For prostate cancer, given the concurrent use of prednisone or prednisolone the recommended premedication regimen is oral dexamethasone 8 mg, 12 hours, 3 hours and 1 hour before the docetaxel infusion (see section 4.4).
Docetaxel is administered as a one-hour infusion every three weeks.

Breast cancer
In the adjuvant treatment of operable node-positive breast cancer, the recommended dose of docetaxel is 75 mg/m2 administered 1-hour after doxorubicin 50 mg/m2 and cyclophosphamide 500 mg/m2 every 3 weeks for 6 cycles (see also Dosage adjustments during treatment). For the treatment of patients with locally advanced or metastatic breast cancer, the recommended dosage of docetaxel is 100 mg/m2 in monotherapy. In first-line treatment, docetaxel 75 mg/m2 is given in combination therapy with doxorubicin (50 mg/m2 ).

In combination with trastuzumab the recommended dose of docetaxel is 100 mg/m2 every three weeks, with trastuzumab administered weekly. In the pivotal trial the initial docetaxel infusion was started the day following the first dose of trastuzumab. The subsequent docetaxel doses were administered immediately after 3 completion of the trastuzumab infusion, if the preceding dose of trastuzumab was well tolerated. For trastuzumab dosage and administration, see trastuzumab summary of product characteristics.

In combination with capecitabine, the recommended dose of docetaxel is 75 mg/m2 every three weeks, combined with capecitabine at 1250 mg/m2 twice daily (within 30 minutes after a meal) for 2 weeks followed by 1-week rest period. For capecitabine dose calculation according to body surface area, see capecitabine summary of product characteristics.

Non-small cell lung cancer
In chemotherapy naïve patients treated for non-small cell lung cancer, the recommended dose regimen is docetaxel 75 mg/m2 immediately followed by cisplatin 75 mg/m2 over 30-60 minutes. For treatment after failure of prior platinum-based chemotherapy, the recommended dosage is 75 mg/m² as a single agent.

Prostate cancer
The recommended dose of docetaxel is 75 mg/m2 . Prednisone or prednisolone 5 mg orally twice daily is administered continuously (see section 5.1).

Gastric adenocarcinoma
The recommended dose of docetaxel is 75 mg/m2 as a 1 hour infusion, followed by cisplatin 75 mg/m2 , as a 1 to 3 hour infusion (both on day 1 only), followed by 5-fluorouracil 750 mg/m2 per day given as a 24-hour continuous infusion for 5 days, starting at the end of the cisplatin infusion. Treatment is repeated every three weeks. Patients must receive premedication with antiemetics and appropriate hydration for cisplatin administration. Prophylactic G-CSF should be used to mitigate the risk of hematological toxicities (See also Dosage adjustments during treatment).

Head and neck cancer
Patients must receive premedication with antiemetics and appropriate hydration (prior to and after cisplatin administration). Prophylactic G-CSF may be used to mitigate the risk of hematological toxicities. All patients on the docetaxel-containing arm of the TAX 323 and TAX 324 studies, received prophylactic antibiotics.

  • Induction chemotherapy followed by radiotherapy (TAX 323)
    For the induction treatment of inoperable locally advanced squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck (SCCHN), the recommended dose of docetaxel is 75 mg/m2 as a 1 hour infusion followed by cisplatin 75 mg/m2 over 1 hour, on day one, followed by 5-fluorouracil as a continuous infusion at 750 mg/m2 per day for five days. This regimen is administered every 3 weeks for 4 cycles. Following chemotherapy, patients should receive radiotherapy.
    · Induction chemotherapy followed by chemoradiotherapy (TAX 324)
    For the induction treatment of patients with locally advanced (technically unresectable, low probability of surgical cure, and aiming at organ preservation) squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck (SCCHN), the recommended dose of docetaxel is 75 mg/m2 as a 1 hour intravenous infusion on day 1, followed by cisplatin 100 mg/m2 administered as a 30-minute to 3 hour infusion, followed by 5-fluorouracil 1000 mg/m2 /day as a continuous infusion from day 1 to day 4. This regimen is administered every 3 weeks for 3 cycles. Following chemotherapy, patients should receive chemoradiotherapy.

For cisplatin and 5-fluorouracil dose modifications, see the corresponding summary of product characteristics.

Dosage adjustments during treatment

General
Docetaxel should be administered when the neutrophil count is ≥ 1,500 cells/mm3 . In patients who experienced either febrile neutropenia, neutrophil < 500 cells/mm3 for more than one week, severe or cumulative cutaneous reactions or severe peripheral neuropathy during docetaxel therapy, the dose of docetaxel should be reduced from 100 mg/m2 to 75 mg/m2 and/or from 75 to 60 mg/m². If the patient continues to experience these reactions at 60 mg/m², the treatment should be discontinued.

Adjuvant therapy for breast cancer
In the pivotal trial in patients who received adjuvant therapy for breast cancer and who experienced complicated neutropenia (including prolonged neutropenia, febrile neutropenia, or infection), it was recommended to use G-CSF to provide prophylactic coverage (eg, day 4 to 11) in all subsequent cycles. Patients who continued to experience this reaction should remain on G-CSF and have their docetaxel dose reduced to 60 mg/m².
However, in clinical practice neutropenia could occur earlier. Thus the use of G-CSF should be considered function of the neutropenic risk of the patient and current recommendations. Patients who experience Grade 3 or 4 stomatitis should have their dose decreased to 60 mg/m².

In combination with cisplatin
For patients who are dosed initially at docetaxel 75 mg/m2 in combination with cisplatin and whose nadir of platelet count during the previous course of therapy is < 25000 cells/mm3 , or in patients who experience febrile neutropenia, or in patients with serious non-hematologic toxicities, the docetaxel dosage in subsequent cycles should be reduced to 65 mg/m2 . For cisplatin dosage adjustments, see manufacturer’s summary of product characteristics.

In combination with capecitabine
• For capecitabine dose modifications, see capecitabine summary of product characteristics.
• For patients developing the first appearance of a Grade 2 toxicity, which persists at the time of the next docetaxel/capecitabine treatment, delay treatment until resolved to Grade 0-1, and resume at 100% of the original dose.
• For patients developing the second appearance of a Grade 2 toxicity, or the first appearance of a Grade 3 toxicity, at any time during the treatment cycle, delay treatment until resolved to Grade 0-1, then resume treatment with docetaxel 55 mg/m².
• For any subsequent appearances of toxicities, or any Grade 4 toxicities, discontinue the docetaxel dose.

For trastuzumab dose modifications, see trastuzumab summary of product characteristics

In combination with cisplatin and 5-fluorouracil:
If an episode of febrile neutropenia, prolonged neutropenia or neutropenic infection occurs despite G-CSF use, the docetaxel dose should be reduced from 75 to 60 mg/m2 . If subsequent episodes of complicated neutropenia occur the docetaxel dose should be reduced from 60 to 45 mg/m2 . In case of Grade 4 thrombocytopenia the docetaxel dose should be reduced from 75 to 60 mg/m2 . Patients should not be retreated with subsequent cycles of docetaxel until neutrophils recover to a level > 1,500 cells/mm3 and platelets recover to a level > 100,000 cells/mm3 . Discontinue treatment if these toxicities persist. (See section 4.4).
Recommended dose modifications for gastrointestinal toxicities in patients treated with docetaxel in combination with cisplatin and 5-fluorouracil (5-FU):

Toxicity Dosage adjustment
Diarrhea grade 3 First episode: reduce 5-FU dose by 20%.
Second episode: then reduce docetaxel dose by 20%.
Diarrhea grade 4 First episode: reduce docetaxel and 5-FU doses by 20%.
Second episode: discontinue treatment.
Stomatitis/mucositis grade 3 First episode: reduce 5-FU dose by 20%.
Second episode: stop 5-FU only, at all subsequent cycles.
Third episode: reduce docetaxel dose by 20%.
Stomatitis/mucositis grade 4 First episode: stop 5-FU only, at all subsequent cycles.
Second episode: reduce docetaxel dose by 20%.

For cisplatin and 5-fluorouracil dose adjustments, see the corresponding summary of product characteristics.

In the pivotal SCCHN trials patients who experienced complicated neutropenia (including prolonged neutropenia, febrile neutropenia, or infection), it was recommended to use G-CSF to provide prophylactic coverage (eg, day 6-15) in all subsequent cycles.

Special populations

Patients with hepatic impairment
Based on pharmacokinetic data with docetaxel at 100 mg/m² as single agent, patients who have both elevations of transaminase (ALT and/or AST) greater than 1.5 times the upper limit of the normal range (ULN) and alkaline phosphatase greater than 2.5 times the ULN, the recommended dose of docetaxel is 75 mg/m2 (see sections 4.4 and 5.2). For those patients with serum bilirubin > ULN and/or ALT and AST > 3.5 times the ULN associated with alkaline phosphatase > 6 times the ULN, no dose-reduction can be recommended and docetaxel should not be used unless strictly indicated.
In combination with cisplatin and 5-fluorouracil for the treatment of patients with gastric adenocarcinoma, the pivotal clinical trial excluded patients with ALT and/or AST > 1.5 × ULN associated with alkaline phosphatase > 2.5 × ULN, and bilirubin > 1 x ULN; for these patients, no dose-reductions can be recommended and docetaxel should not be used unless strictly indicated. No data are available in patients with hepatic impairment treated by docetaxel in combination in the other indications.

Children and adolescents
The experience in children and adolescents is limited.

Elderly
Based on a population pharmacokinetic analysis, there are no special instructions for use in the elderly. In combination with capecitabine, for patients 60 years of age or more, a starting dose reduction of capecitabine to 75% is recommended (see capecitabine summary of product characteristics)

4.3 Contraindications
 Hypersensitivity to the active substance or to any of the excipients.
Docetaxel must not be used in patients with baseline neutrophil count of < 1,500 cells/mm3 .
Docetaxel must not be used in patients with severe liver impairment since there is no data available (see sections 4.2 and 4.4).
Contraindications for other medicinal products also apply, when combined with docetaxel.

4.4 Special Warnings and precautions for use

For breast and non-small cell lung cancers, premedication consisting of an oral corticosteroid, such as dexamethasone 16 mg per day (e.g. 8 mg BID) for 3 days starting 1 day prior to docetaxel administration, unless contraindicated, can reduce the incidence and severity of fluid retention as well as the severity of hypersensitivity reactions. For prostate cancer, the premedication is oral dexamethasone 8 mg, 12 hours, 3 hours and 1 hour before the docetaxel infusion (see section 4.2).

Haematology

Neutropenia is the most frequent adverse reaction of docetaxel. Neutrophil nadirs occurred at a median of 7 days but this interval may be shorter in heavily pre-treated patients. Frequent monitoring of complete blood counts should be conducted on all patients receiving docetaxel. Patients should be retreated with docetaxel when neutrophils recover to a level ≥ 1,500 cells/mm3 (see section 4.2).

In the case of severe neutropenia (< 500 cells/mm3 for seven days or more) during a course of docetaxel therapy, a reduction in dose for subsequent courses of therapy or the use of appropriate symptomatic measures are recommended (see section 4.2).

In patients treated with docetaxel in combination with cisplatin and 5-fluorouracil (TCF), febrile neutropenia and neutropenic infection occurred at lower rates when patients received prophylactic G-CSF. Patients treated with TCF should receive prophylactic G-CSF to mitigate the risk of complicated neutropenia (febrile neutropenia, prolonged neutropenia or neutropenic infection). Patients receiving TCF should be closely monitored, (see sections 4.2 and 4.8).

Hypersensitivity reactions
Patients should be observed closely for hypersensitivity reactions especially during the first and second infusions. Hypersensitivity reactions may occur within a few minutes following the initiation of the infusion of docetaxel, thus facilities for the treatment of hypotension and bronchospasm should be available. If hypersensitivity reactions occur, minor symptoms such as flushing or localized cutaneous reactions do not require interruption of therapy. However, severe reactions, such as severe hypotension, bronchospasm or generalised rash/erythema require immediate discontinuation of docetaxel and appropriate therapy. Patients who have developed severe hypersensitivity reactions should not be re-challenged with docetaxel.

Cutaneous reactions
Localised skin erythema of the extremities (palms of the hands and soles of the feet) with oedema followed by desquamation has been observed. Severe symptoms such as eruptions followed by desquamation which lead to interruption or discontinuation of docetaxel treatment were reported (see section 4.2).

Fluid retention
Patients with severe fluid retention such as pleural effusion, pericardial effusion and ascites should be monitored closely.

Patients with liver impairment
In patients treated with docetaxel at 100 mg/m2 as single agent who have serum transaminase levels (ALT and/or AST) greater than 1.5 times the ULN concurrent with serum alkaline phosphatase levels greater than 2.5 times the ULN, there is a higher risk of developing severe adverse reactions such as toxic deaths including sepsis and gastrointestinal haemorrhage which can be fatal, febrile neutropenia, infections, thrombocytopenia, stomatitis and asthenia. Therefore, the recommended dose of docetaxel in those patients with elevated liver function test (LFTs) is 75 mg/m2 and LFTs should be measured at baseline and before each cycle (see section 4.2).
For patients with serum bilirubin levels > ULN and/or ALT and AST > 3.5 times the ULN concurrent with serum alkaline phosphatase levels > 6 times the ULN, no dose-reduction can be recommended and docetaxel should not be used unless strictly indicated.
In combination with cisplatin and 5-fluorouracil for the treatment of patients with gastric adenocarcinoma, the pivotal clinical trial excluded patients with ALT and/or AST > 1.5 × ULN associated with alkaline phosphatase > 2.5 × ULN, and bilirubin> 1 x ULN; for these patients, no dose-reductions can be recommended and docetaxel should not be used unless strictly indicated. No data are available in patients with hepatic impairment treated by docetaxel in combination in the other indications.

Patients with renal impairment
There are no data available in patients with severely impaired renal function treated with docetaxel.

Nervous system
The development of severe peripheral neurotoxicity requires a reduction of dose (see section 4.2).

Cardiac toxicity
Heart failure has been observed in patients receiving docetaxel in combination with trastuzumab, particularly following anthracycline (doxorubicin or epirubicin) – containing chemotherapy. This may be moderate to severe and has been associated with death (see section 4.8).
When patients are candidates for treatment with docetaxel in combination with trastuzumab, they should undergo baseline cardiac assessment. Cardiac function should be further monitored during treatment (e.g. every three months) to help identify patients who may develop cardiac dysfunction. For more details see Summary of Product Characteristics of trastuzumab.

Others
Contraceptive measures must be taken by both men and women during treatment and for at least 6 months after cessation of therapy (see section 4.6).

Additional cautions for use in adjuvant treatment of breast cancer

Complicated neutropenia
For patients who experience complicated neutropenia (prolonged neutropenia, febrile neutropenia or infection), G-CSF and dose reduction should be considered (see section 4.2).

Gastrointestinal reactions
Symptoms such as early abdominal pain and tenderness, fever, diarrhea, with or without neutropenia, may be early manifestations of serious gastrointestinal toxicity and should be evaluated and treated promptly.

Congestive heart failure
Patients should be monitored for symptoms of congestive heart failure during therapy and during the follow up period.

Leukemia
In the docetaxel, doxorubicin and cyclophosphamide (TAC) treated patients, the risk of delayed myelodysplasia or myeloid leukemia requires haematological follow-up.

Patients with 4+ nodes
The benefit/risk ratio for TAC in patients with 4+ nodes was not defined fully at the interim analysis (see section 5.1).

Elderly
There are no data available in patients > 70 years of age on docetaxel use in combination with doxorubicin and cyclophosphamide.

Of the 333 patients treated with docetaxel every three weeks in a prostate cancer study, 209 patients were 65 years of age or greater and 68 patients were older than 75 years. In patients treated with docetaxel every three weeks, the incidence of related nail changes occurred at a rate ≥ 10% higher in patients who were 65 years of age or greater compared to younger patients. The incidence of related fever, diarrhea, anorexia, and peripheral edema occurred at rates ≥ 10% higher in patients who were 75 years of age or greater versus less than 65 years.

Among the 300 (221 patients in the phase III part of the study and 79 patients in the phase II part) patients treated with docetaxel in combination with cisplatin and 5-fluorouracil in the gastric cancer study, 74 were 65 years of age or older and 4 patients were 75 years of age or older. The incidence of serious adverse events was higher in the elderly patients compared to younger patients. The incidence of the following adverse events (all grades): lethargy, stomatitis, neutropenic infection occurred at rates ≥ 10% higher in patients who were 65 years of age or older compared to younger patients. Elderly patients treated with TCF should be closely monitored.

Ethanol

Docetaxel Actavis contains 100 mg of ethanol absolute per ml concentrate. The solvent contains 9.53% (w/w) ethanol absolute. This may be harmful in patients suffering from alcoholism. The ethanol content of this medicinal product should be taken into account when used children or in highrisk groups such as patients with liver disease, or epilepsy.

WARNING: TOXIC DEATHS, HEPATOTOXICITY, NEUTROPENIA, HYPERSENSITIVITY REACTIONS, AND FLUID RETENTION

The incidence of treatment-related mortality associated with docetaxel therapy is increased in patients with abnormal liver function, in patients receiving higher doses, and in patients with non-small cell lung carcinoma and a history of prior treatment with platinum-based chemotherapy who receive docetaxel as a single agent at a dose of 75mg/m2.

In patients treated with Docetaxel at 100 mg/m2 as single agent who have serum transaminase levels (ALT and/or AST) greater than 1.5 times the ULN concurrent with serum alkaline phosphatase levels greater than 2.5 times the ULN, a dose reduction is recommended (to 75mg/m2) as there is a higher risk of toxic deaths.

For patients with serum bilirubin levels > ULN and/or ALT and AST > 3.5 times the ULN concurrent with serum alkaline phosphatase levels > 6 times the ULN, no dose-reduction can be recommended and docetaxel should not be used unless strictly indicated.

Patients with isolated elevations of transaminase > 1.5 X ULN also had a higher rate of febrile neutropenia grade 4. Bilirubin, AST or ALT, and alkaline phosphatase values should be obtained prior to each cycle of Docetaxel Injection therapy.

Docetaxel Injection therapy should not be given to patients with neutrophil counts of < 1500 cells/mm3. In order to monitor the occurrence of neutropenia, which may be severe and result in infection, frequent blood cell counts should be performed on all patients receiving Docetaxel Injection.

Severe hypersensitivity reactions characterized by generalized rash/erythema, hypotension and/or bronchospasm, or very rarely fatal anaphylaxis,have been reported in patients who received a 3-day dexamethasone premedication. Severe Hypersensitivity reactions require immediate discontinuation of the Docetaxel Injection infusion and administration of appropriate therapy. Docetaxel Injection must not be given to patients who have a history of severe hypersensitivity reactions to docetaxel or to other drugs formulated with polysorbate 80.

Severe fluid retention occurred in 6.5% (6/92) of patients despite use of a 3-day dexamethasone premedication regimen. It was characterized by one or more of the following events: poorly tolerated peripheral edema, generalized edema, pleural effusion requiring urgent drainage, dyspnea at rest, cardiac tamponade, or pronounced abdominal distention (due to ascites).

4.5 Interaction with other medicinal products and other forms of interaction

There have been no formal clinical studies to evaluate the interactions of docetaxel with other medicinal products.

In vitro studies have shown that the metabolism of docetaxel may be modified by the concomitant administration of compounds which induce, inhibit or are metabolised by (and thus may inhibit the enzyme competitively) cytochrome P450-3A such as ciclosporin, terfenadine, ketoconazole, erythromycin and troleandomycin. As a result, caution should be exercised when treating patients with these drugs as concomitant therapy since there is a potential for a significant interaction.

Docetaxel is highly protein bound (> 95%). Although the possible in vivo interaction of docetaxel with concomitantly administered medication has not been investigated formally, in vitro interactions with tightly protein-bound drugs such as erythromycin, diphenhydramine, propranolol, propafenone, phenytoin, salicylate, sulfamethoxazole and sodium valproate did not affect protein binding of docetaxel. In addition, dexamethasone did not affect protein binding of docetaxel. Docetaxel did not influence the binding of digitoxin.

The pharmacokinetics of docetaxel, doxorubicin and cyclophosphamide were not influenced by their coadministration. Limited data from a single uncontrolled study were suggestive of an interaction between docetaxel and carboplatin. When combined to docetaxel, the clearance of carboplatin was about 50% higher than values previously reported for carboplatin monotherapy.

Docetaxel pharmacokinetics in the presence of prednisone was studied in patients with metastatic prostate cancer. Docetaxel is metabolised by CYP3A4 and prednisone is known to induce CYP3A4. No statistically significant effect of prednisone on the pharmacokinetics of docetaxel was observed.

Docetaxel should be administered with caution in patients concomitantly receiving potent CYP3A4 inhibitors (e.g. protease inhibitors like ritonavir, azole antifungals like ketoconazole or itraconazole). A drug interaction study performed in patients receiving ketoconazole and docetaxel showed that the clearance of docetaxel was reduced by half by ketoconazole, probably because the metabolism of docetaxel involves CYP3A4 as a major (single) metabolic pathway. Reduced tolerance of docetaxel may occur, even at lower doses.’

The ethanol content of this medicinal product may alter the effects of other medicines.

4.6 Fertility, Pregnancy and lactation

There is no information on the use of docetaxel in pregnant women. Docetaxel has been shown to be both embryotoxic and foetotoxic in rabbits and rats, and to reduce fertility in rats. As with other cytotoxic drugs, docetaxel may cause foetal harm when administered to pregnant women. Therefore, docetaxel must not be used during pregnancy unless clearly indicated.

Women of childbearing potential / contraception:
Women of childbearing age receiving docetaxel should be advised to avoid becoming pregnant, and to inform the treating physician immediately should this occur.
An effective method of contraception should be used during treatment. In non clinical studies, docetaxel has genotoxic effects and may alter male fertility (see section 5.3). Therefore, men being treated with docetaxel are advised not to father a child during and up to 6 months after treatment and to seek advice on conservation of sperm prior to treatment.

Lactation:
Docetaxel is a lipophilic substance but it is not known whether it is excreted in human milk. Consequently, because of the potential for adverse reactions in nursing infants, breast feeding must be discontinued for the duration of docetaxel therapy.

 

4.7 Effects on ability to drive and use machines

No studies on the effects on the ability to drive and use machines have been performed. The ethanol content of this medicinal product may impair the ability to drive or use machines.

4.8 Undesirable Effects

The adverse reactions considered to be possibly or probably related to the administration of docetaxel have been obtained in:
· 1312 and 121 patients who received 100 mg/m² and 75 mg/m² of docetaxel as a single agent respectively
· 258 patients who received docetaxel in combination with doxorubicin
·  406 patients who received docetaxel in combination with cisplatin
·  92 patients treated with docetaxel in combination with trastuzumab,
·  255 patients who received docetaxel in combination with capecitabine,
· 332 patients who received docetaxel in combination with prednisone or prednisolone (clinically important treatment related adverse events are presented).
· 744 patients who received docetaxel in combination with doxorubicin and cyclophosphamide (clinically important treatment related adverse events are presented).
· 300 gastric adenocarcinoma patients (221 patients in the phase III part of the study and 79 patients in the phase II part) who received docetaxel in combination with cisplatin and 5-fluorouracil (clinically important treatment related adverse events are presented).
· 174 and 251 head and neck cancer patients who received docetaxel in combination with cisplatin and 5-fluorouracil (clinically important treatment related adverse events are presented).

These reactions were described using the NCI Common Toxicity Criteria (grade 3 = G3; grade3-4 = G3/4; grade 4 = G4) and the COSTART terms. Frequencies are defined as: very common (≥ 1/10), common (≥ 1/100 to < 1/10); uncommon (≥ 1/1,000 to < 1/100); rare (≥ 1/10,000 to < 1/1,000); very rare (< 1/10,000). Within each frequency grouping, undesirable effects are presented in order of decreasing seriousness.

The most commonly reported adverse reactions of docetaxel alone are: neutropenia (which was reversible and not cumulative; the median day to nadir was 7 days and the median duration of severe neutropenia (< 500 cells/mm3 ) was 7 days), anemia, alopecia, nausea, vomiting, stomatitis, diarrhea and asthenia. The severity of adverse events of docetaxel may be increased when docetaxel is given in combination with other chemotherapeutic agents.

For combination with trastuzumab, adverse events (all grades) reported in ≥ 10% are displayed. There was an increased incidence of SAEs (40% vs. 31%) and Grade 4 AEs (34% vs. 23%) in the trastuzumab combination arm compared to docetaxel monotherapy.

For combination with capecitabine, the most frequent treatment-related undesirable effects ( ≥ 5%) reported in a phase III trial in breast cancer patients failing anthracycline treatment are presented (see capecitabine summary of product characteristics).

The following adverse reactions are frequently observed with docetaxel:

Nervous system disorders
The development of severe peripheral neurotoxicity requires a reduction of dose (see sections 4.2 and 4.4). Mild to moderate neuro-sensory signs are characterised by paresthesia, dysesthesia or pain including burning. Neuro-motor events are mainly characterised by weakness.

Skin and subcutaneous tissue disorders
Reversible cutaneous reactions have been observed and were generally considered as mild to moderate. Reactions were characterised by a rash including localised eruptions mainly on the feet and hands (including severe hand and foot syndrome), but also on the arms, face or thorax, and frequently associated with pruritus. Eruptions generally occurred within one week after the docetaxel infusion. Less frequently, severe symptoms such as eruptions followed by desquamation which rarely lead to interruption or discontinuation of docetaxel treatment were reported (see sections 4.2 and 4.4). Severe nail disorders are characterised by hypo- or hyperpigmentation and sometimes pain and onycholysis.

General disorders and administration site conditions
Infusion site reactions were generally mild and consisted of hyper pigmentation, inflammation, redness or dryness of the skin, phlebitis or extravasation and swelling of the vein. Fluid retention includes events such as peripheral oedema and less frequently pleural effusion, pericardial effusion, ascites and weight gain. The peripheral oedema usually starts at the lower extremities and may become generalised with a weight gain of 3 kg or more. Fluid retention is cumulative in incidence and severity (see section 4.4).

Immune system disorders
Hypersensitivity reactions have generally occurred within a few minutes following the start of the infusion of docetaxel and were usually mild to moderate. The most frequently reported symptoms were flushing, rash with or without pruritus, chest tightness, back pain, dyspnoea and drug fever or chills. Severe reactions were characterised by hypotension and/or bronchospasm or generalized rash/erythema (see section 4.4).
Docetaxel 100 mg/m² single agent:

MedDRA System Organ classes Very common adverse reactions ≥ 1/10 Common adverse reactions ≥ 1/100,
< 1/10
Uncommon adverse reactions ≥ 1/1000, < 1/100
Investigations G3/4 Blood bilirubin increased (<5%);
G3/4 Blood alkaline phosphatase increased (<4%);
G3/4 AST increased (3%);
G3/4 ALT increased (<2%)
Cardiac disorders Arrhythmia (G3/4: 0.7%) Cardiac failure
Blood and the lymphatic system disorders Neutropenia (G4: 76.4%); Anaemia (G3/4: 8.9%); Febrile neutropenia Thrombocytopenia (G4: 0.2%)
Nervous system disorders Peripheral sensory neuropathy (G3: 4.1%); Peripheral motor neuropathy (G3/4: 4%) Dysgeusia (severe 0.07%)
Respiratory, thoracic and mediastinal disorders Dyspnoea (severe 2.7%)
Gastrointestinal disorders Stomatitis (G3/4: 5.3%); Diarrhoea (G3/4: 4%); Nausea (G3/4: 4%); Vomiting (G3/4: 3%) Constipation (severe 0.2%); Abdominal pain (severe 1%); Gastrointestinal Haemorrhage (severe 0.3%) Oesophagitis (severe: 0.4%)
Skin and subcutaneous tissue disorders Alopecia; Skin reaction (G3/4: 5.9%); Nail disorders (severe 2.6%)
Musculoskeletal and connective tissue disorders. Myalgia (severe 1.4%) Arthralgia
Metabolism and nutrition disorders Anorexia
Infections and infestations Infections (G3/4: 5.7%; including sepsis and pneumonia, fatal in 1.7%) Infection associated with G4 neutropenia (G3/4: 4.6%)
Vascular disorders Hypotension; Hypertension; Haemorrhage
General disorders and administration site conditions Fluid retention (severe: 6.5%) Asthenia (severe 11.2%); Pain Infusion site reaction; Non-cardiac chest pain (severe 0.4%)
Immune system disorders Hypersensitivity (G3/4: 5.3%)

 

Blood and Lymphatic system disorders
Rare: bleeding episodes associated with grade 3/4 thrombocytopenia

Nervous system disorders
Reversibility data are available among 35.3% of patients who developed neurotoxicity following docetaxel treatment at 100 mg/m² as single agent. The events were spontaneously reversible within 3 months.

Skin and subcutaneous tissue disorders
Very rare: one case of alopecia non-reversible at the end of the study. 73% of the cutaneous reactions were reversible within 21 days.

General disorders and administration site conditions
The median cumulative dose to treatment discontinuation was more than 1,000 mg/m2 and the median time to fluid retention reversibility was 16.4 weeks (range 0 to 42 weeks). The onset of moderate and severe retention is delayed (median cumulative dose: 818.9 mg/m2 ) in patients with premedication compared with patients without premedication (median cumulative dose: 489.7 mg/m2 ); however, it has been reported in some patients during the early courses of therapy.

Docetaxel 75mg/m² single agent:

MedDRA System Organ classes Very common adverse reactions ≥ 1/10 Common adverse reactions ≥ 1/100, < 1/10
Investigations G3/4 Blood bilirubin increased (<2%)
Cardiac disorders Arrhythmia (no severe);
Blood and the lymphatic system disorders Neutropenia (G4: 54.2%); Anaemia (G3/4: 10.8%); Thrombocytopenia (G4: 1.7%) Febrile neutropenia
Nervous system disorders Peripheral sensory neuropathy (G3/4: 0.8%) Peripheral motor neuropathy (G3/4: 2.5%)
Gastrointestinal disorders Nausea (G3/4: 3.3%);
Stomatitis (G3/4: 1.7%);
Vomiting (G3/4: 0.8%);
Diarrhea (G3/4: 1.7%)
Constipation
Skin and subcutaneous tissue disorders Alopecia; Skin reaction (G3/4: 0.8%) Nail disorders (severe 0.8%)
Musculoskeletal and connective tissue disorders. Myalgia
Metabolism and nutrition disorders Anorexia
Infections and infestations Infections (G3/4: 5%)
Vascular disorders Hypotension
General disorders and Asthenia (severe 12.4%); administration site conditions Fluid retention (severe 0.8%); Pain
Immune system disorders Hypersensitivity (no severe)

Docetaxel 75mg/m² in combination with doxorubicin:

MedDRA System Organ classes Very common adverse reactions ≥ 1/10 Common adverse reactions ≥ 1/100,
< 1/10
Uncommon adverse reactions ≥ 1/1000, < 1/100
Investigations G3/4 Blood bilirubin increased (<2.5%);
G3/4 Blood alkaline phosphatase increased (<2.5%);
G3/4 AST increased (<1%);
G3/4 ALT increased (<1%)
Cardiac disorders Cardiac failure; Arrhythmia (no severe)
Blood and the lymphatic system disorders Neutropenia (G4: 91.7%); Anaemia (G3/4: 9.4%); Febrile neutropenia Thrombocytopenia (G4: 0.8%)
Nervous system disorders Peripheral sensory neuropathy (G3: 0.4%); Peripheral motor neuropathy (G3/4: 0.4%)
Gastrointestinal disorders Nausea (G3/4: 5%); Stomatitis (G3/4: 7.8%); Diarrhoea (G3/4: 6.2%); Vomiting (G3/4: 5%); Constipation
Skin and subcutaneous tissue disorders Alopecia; Skin reaction (G3/4: 0.4%); Skin reaction (no severe)
Musculoskeletal and connective tissue disorders. Myalgia
Metabolism and nutrition disorders Anorexia
Infections and infestations Infections (G3/4: 7.8%)
Vascular disorders Hypotension
General disorders and administration site conditions Fluid retention (severe: 1.2%) Asthenia (severe 8.1%); Pain Infusion site reaction
Immune system disorders Hypersensitivity (G3/4: 1.2%)

 

Docetaxel 75mg/m² in combination with cisplatin:

MedDRA System Organ classes Very common adverse reactions ≥ 1/10 Common adverse reactions ≥ 1/100,
< 1/10
Uncommon adverse reactions ≥ 1/1000, < 1/100
Investigations G3/4 Blood bilirubin increased (2.1%); G3/4 ALT increased (1.3%) G3/4 AST increased (<1%);
G3/4 ALT increased (<1%) G3/4 AST increased (0.5%); G3/4 Blood alkaline phosphatase increased (0.3%)
Cardiac disorders Arrhythmia (G3/4: 0.7%) Cardiac failure;
Blood and the lymphatic system disorders Neutropenia (G4: 51.5%); Anaemia (G3/4: 6.9%); Thrombocytopenia (G4: 0.5%) Febrile neutropenia
Nervous system disorders Peripheral sensory neuropathy (G3: 3.7%); Peripheral motor neuropathy (G3/4: 2%)
Gastrointestinal disorders Nausea (G3/4: 9.6%); Stomatitis (G3/4: 2%); Diarrhoea (G3/4: 6.4%); Vomiting (G3/4: 7.6%); Constipation
Skin and subcutaneous tissue disorders Alopecia; Skin reaction (G3/4: 0.4%); Skin reaction (no severe)
Musculoskeletal and connective tissue disorders. Myalgia (severe 0.5%)
Metabolism and nutrition disorders Anorexia
Infections and infestations Infections (G3/4: 5.7%)
Vascular disorders Hypotension (G3/4: 0.7%)
General disorders and administration site conditions Asthenia (severe 9.9%); Fluid retention (severe 0.7%); Fever (G3/4: 1.2%) Infusion site reaction

Pain

Immune system disorders Hypersensitivity (G3/4: 2.5%)

 

Docetaxel 100mg/m² in combination with trastuzumab:

MedDRA System Organ classes Very common adverse reactions ≥ 1/10 Common adverse reactions ≥ 1/100, < 1/10
Investigations Weight increased
Cardiac disorders Cardiac failure
Blood and the lymphatic system disorders Neutropenia (G3/4: 32%); 15 Febrile neutropenia (includes neutropenia associated with fever and antibiotic use) or neutropenic sepsis Febrile neutropenia
Nervous system disorders Paresthesia; Headache; Dysgeusia; Hypoaesthesia
Eye disorders Lacrimation increased; Conjunctivitis
Respiratory, thoracic and mediastinal disorders Epistaxis; Pharyngolaryngeal pain; Nasopharyngitis ; Dyspnoea; Cough; Rhinorrhoea
Gastrointestinal disorders Nausea; Diarrhoea; Vomiting; Constipation; Stomatitis; Dyspepsia; Abdominal pain
Skin and subcutaneous tissue disorders Alopecia; Erythema; Rash; Nail disorders
Musculoskeletal and connective tissue disorders. Myalgia; Arthralgia; Pain in extremity; Bone pain; Back pain
Metabolism and nutrition disorders Anorexia
Infections and infestations Infections (G3/4: 5%)
Vascular disorders Lymphoedema
General disorders and Asthenia (severe 12.4%); Asthenia; Oedema peripheral; Pyrexia; Fatigue; Mucosal inflammation; Pain; Influenza like illness; Chest pain; Chills Lethargy
Psychiatric disorders Insomnia

 

Cardiac disorders
Symptomatic cardiac failure was reported in 2.2% of the patients who received docetaxel plus trastuzumab compared to 0% of patients given docetaxel alone. In the docetaxel plus trastuzumab arm, 64% had received a prior anthracycline as adjuvant therapy compared with 55% in the docetaxel arm alone.

Blood and the lymphatic system disorders
Very common: Haematological toxicity was increased in patients receiving trastuzumab and docetaxel, compared with docetaxel alone (32% grade 3/4 neutropenia versus 22%, using NCI-CTC criteria). Note that this is likely to be an underestimate since docetaxel alone at a dose of 100 mg/m2 is known to result in neutropenia in 97% of patients, 76% grade 4, based on nadir blood counts. The incidence of febrile neutropenia/neutropenic sepsis was also increased in patients treated with Herceptin plus docetaxel (23% versus 17% for patients treated with docetaxel alone).

Docetaxel 75mg/m² in combination with capecitabine:

MedDRA System Organ classes Very common adverse reactions ≥ 1/10 Common adverse reactions ≥ 1/100, < 1/10
Investigations Weight increased Weight decreased; G3/4 Blood bilirubin increased (9%)
Blood and the lymphatic system disorders Neutropenia (G3/4: 63%); Anaemia (G3/4: 10%) Thrombocytopenia (G3/4: 3%)
Nervous system disorders Dysgeusia (G3/4:<1%)
Paraesthesia (G3/4:<1%)
Dizziness; Headache (G3/4:<1%)
Neuropathy peripheral
Eye disorders Lacrimation increased;
Respiratory, thoracic and mediastinal disorders Pharyngolaryngeal pain (G3/4: 2%) Dyspnoea (G3/4: 1%);
Cough (G3/4: <1%) Epistaxis (G3/4: <1%)
Gastrointestinal disorders Stomatitis (G3/4: 18%);
Diarrhoea (G3/4: 14%);
Nausea (G3/4: 6%); Vomiting (G3/4: 4%);
Constipation (G3/4: 1%); Abdominal pain (G3/4: 2%); Dyspepsia
Abdominal pain upper; Dry mouth
Skin and subcutaneous tissue disorders Hand-foot syndrome (G3/4: 24%) Alopecia (G3/4: 6%); Nail disorders (G3/4: 2%) Dermatitis; Rash erythematous (G3/4:< 1%); Nail discolouration; Onycholysis (G3/4: 1%)
Musculoskeletal and connective tissue disorders. Myalgia (G3/4: 2%); Arthralgia (G3/4: 1%) Pain in extremity (G3/4:< 1%); Back pain (G3/4: 1%);
Metabolism and nutrition disorders Anorexia (G3/4: 1%); Decreased appetite Dehydration (G3/4: 2%);
Infections and infestations Oral candidiasis (G3/4: <1%)
General disorders and Asthenia (severe 12.4%); Asthenia (G3/4: 3%); Pyrexia (G3/4: 1%); Fatigue/ weakness (G3/4: 5%); Oedema peripheral (G3/4: 1%); Lethargy; Pain

 

Docetaxel 75mg/m² in combination with prednisone or prednisolone:

MedDRA System Organ classes Very common adverse reactions ≥ 1/10 Common adverse reactions ≥ 1/100, < 1/10
Investigations Cardiac left ventricular function decrease (G3/4: 0.3%)
Blood and the lymphatic system disorders Neutropenia (G3/4: 32%); Anaemia (G3/4: 4.9%) Thrombocytopenia (G3/4: 0.6%) Febrile neutropenia
Nervous system disorders Peripheral sensory neuropathy (G3/4: 1.2%); Dysgeusia (G3/4: 0%) Peripheral motor neuropathy (G3/4: 0%)
Eye disorders Lacrimation increased (G3/4: 0.6%)
Respiratory, thoracic and mediastinal disorders Dyspnoea (G3/4: 0.6%);
Cough (G3/4: <0%) Epistaxis (G3/4: <0%)
Gastrointestinal disorders Nausea (G3/4: 2.4%); Diarrhoea (G3/4: 1.2%); Stomatitis/Pharyngitis (G3/4: 0.9%); Vomiting (G3/4: 1.2%) Abdominal pain upper; Dry mouth
Skin and subcutaneous tissue disorders Alopecia; Nail disorders (no severe) Exfoliative rash (G3/4: 0.3%)
Musculoskeletal and connective tissue disorders. Arthralgia (G3/4: 0.3%); Myalgia (G3/4: 0.3%)
Metabolism and nutrition disorders Anorexia (G3/4: 0.6%)
Infections and infestations Infection (G3/4: 3.3%)
General disorders and Asthenia (severe 12.4%); Fatigue (G3/4: 3.9%); Fluid retention (severe 0.6%)
Immune system disorders Hypersensitivity (G3/4: 0.6%)

 

Docetaxel 75mg/m² in combination with doxorubicin and cyclophosphamide:

MedDRA System Organ classes Very common adverse reactions
≥ 1/10
Common adverse reactions
≥ 1/100,
< 1/10
Uncommon adverse reactions
≥ 1/1000,
< 1/100
Investigations Weight increased or decreased (G3/4: 0.3%)
Cardiac disorders Arrhythmia (G3/4: 0.1%); Congestive heart failure
Blood and the lymphatic system disorders Anaemia (G3/4: 4.3%); Neutropenia (G3/4: 65.5%); Thrombocytopenia (G3/4: 2.0%); Febrile neutropenia
Nervous system disorders Dysgeusia (G3/4: 0.7%); Peripheral sensory neuropathy (G3/4: 0%) Peripheral motor neuropathy (G3/4: 0%); Neurocortical (G3/4: 0.3%); Neurocerebella (G3/4: 0.1%) Syncope (G3/4: 0%)
Eye disorders Lacrimation disorder (G3/4: 0.1%); Conjunctivitis (G3/4: 0.3%)
Respiratory, thoracic and mediastinal disorders Cough (G3/4: 0%)
Gastrointestinal disorders Nausea (G3/4: 5.1%); Stomatitis (G3/4: 7.1%); Vomiting (G3/4: 4.3%); Diarrhoea (G3/4: 3.2%); Constipation (G3/4: 0.4%) Abdominal pain (G3/4: 0.5%) Colitis/enteritis/ large intestine perforation
Skin and subcutaneous tissue disorders Alopecia; Skin toxicity (G3/4: 0.7%); Nail disorders (G3/4: 0.4%)
Musculoskeletal and connective tissue disorders. Myalgia (G3/4: 0.8%); Arthralgia (G3/4: 0.4%)
Metabolism and nutrition disorders Anorexia (G3/4: 2.2%)
Infections and infestations Infection (G3/4: 3.2%); Neutropenic infection. There were no septic deaths.
Vascular disorders Vasodilatation (G3/4:0.9%) Hypotension (G3/4: 0%) Phlebitis (G3/4: 0%); Lymphoedema (G3/4: 0%)
General disorders and administration site conditions Asthenia (G3/4: 11%); Fever (G3/4: 1.2%); Oedema peripheral (G3/4: 0.4%)
Immune system disorders Hypersensitivity (G3/4: 1.1%)
Reproductive system and breast disorders Amenorrhoea

 

Cardiac disorders
Congestive Heart Failure (CHF) (2.3% at 70 months median follow-up) has also been reported. One patient in each treatment arm died due to cardiac failure.

Nervous system disorders
Peripheral sensory neuropathy was observed to be ongoing at the median follow-up time of 55 months in 9 patients out of the 73 patients with peripheral sensory neuropathy at the end of the chemotherapy.

Skin and subcutaneous tissue disorders
Alopecia was observed to be ongoing at the median follow-up time of 55 months in 22 patients out of the 687 patients with alopecia at the end of the chemotherapy.

General disorders and administration site condition
Oedema peripheral was observed to be ongoing at the median follow-up time of 55 months in 18 patients out of the 112 patients with oedema peripheral at the end of the chemotherapy.

Reproductive system and breast disorders
Amenorrhoea was observed to be ongoing at the median follow-up time of 55 months in 133 patients out of the 233 patients with amenorrhoea at the end of the chemotherapy.

Docetaxel 75mg/m² in combination with cisplatin and 5-fluorouracil for gastric adenocarcinoma cancer:

MedDRA System Organ classes Very common adverse reactions ≥ 1/10 Common adverse reactions ≥ 1/100, < 1/10
Cardiac disorders Arrhythmia (G3/4: 1.0%).
Blood and the lymphatic system disorders Anaemia (G3/4: 20.9%); Neutropenia (G3/4: 83.2%); Thrombocytopenia (G3/4: 8.8%); Febrile neutropenia.
Nervous system disorders Peripheral sensory neuropathy (G3/4: 8.7%) Peripheral motor neuropathy (G3/4: 0%)Dizziness (G3/4: 2.3%); Peripheral motor neuropathy (G3/4: 1.3%).
Eye disorders Lacrimation increased (G3/4: 0%)
Ear and labyrinth disorders Hearing impaired (G3/4: 0%).
Gastrointestinal disorders Diarrhoea (G3/4: 19.7%); Nausea (G3/4: 16%); Stomatitis (G3/4: 23.7%); Vomiting (G3/4: 14.3%). Constipation (G3/4: 1.0 %); Gastrointestinal pain (G3/4: 1.0%); Oesophagitis/dysphagia/odynop hagia (G3/4: 0.7%).
Skin and subcutaneous tissue disorders Alopecia (G3/4: 4.0%). Rash pruritus (G3/4: 0.7%); Nail disorders (G3/4: 0.7%); Skin exfoliation (G3/4: 0%).
Metabolism and nutrition disorders Anorexia (G3/4: 11.7%)
Infections and infestations Neutropenic infection; Infection (G3/4: 11.7%).
General disorders and Asthenia (severe 12.4%); Lethargy (G3/4: 19.0%); Fever (G3/4: 2.3%); Fluid retention (severe/lifethreatening: 1%).
Immune system disorders Hypersensitivity (G3/4: 1.7).

 

Blood and the lymphatic system disorders

Febrile neutropenia and neutropenic infection occurred in 17.2% and 13.5% of patients respectively, regardless of G-CSF use. G-CSF was used for secondary prophylaxis in 19.3% of patients (10.7% of the cycles). Febrile neutropenia and neutropenic infection occurred respectively in 12.1% and 3.4% of patients when patients received prophylactic G-CSF, in 15.6% and 12.9% of patients without prophylactic G-CSF, (see section 4.2).

Docetaxel 75mg/m² in combination with cisplatin and 5-fluorouracil for Head and Neck cancer:

  • Induction chemotherapy followed by radiotherapy (TAX 323)

 

MedDRA System Organ classes Very common adverse reactions
≥ 1/10
Common adverse reactions
≥ 1/100,
< 1/10
Uncommon adverse reactions
≥ 1/1000,
< 1/100
Investigations Weight increased
Cardiac disorders Myocardial ischemia (G3/4:1.7%) Arrhythmia (G3/4: 0.6%);
Blood and the lymphatic system disorders Neutropenia (G3/4:76.3%) Anemia (G3/4:9.2) Thrombocytopenia (G3/4:5.2%) Febrile neutropenia
Nervous system disorders Dysgeusia/Parosmia Peripheral sensory neuropathy (G3/4:0.6%) Dizziness
Eye disorders Lacrimation increased Conjunctivitis
Ear and labyrinth disorders Hearing impaired
Gastrointestinal disorders Nausea (G3/4:0.6%) Stomatitis (G3/4;4.0%) Diarrhea (G3/4:2.9%) Vomiting (G3/4:0.6%) Constipation Esophagitis/dysphagia/ odynophagia (G3/4:0.6%) Abdominal pain Dyspepsia Gastrointestinal haemorrhage (G3/4:0.6%)
Skin and subcutaneous tissue disorders Alopecia (G3/4:10.9%). Rash pruritic Dry skin Skin exfoliative (G3/4:0.6%)
Musculoskeletal and connective tissue disorders. Myalgia (G3/4:0.6%)
Metabolism and nutrition disorders Anorexia (G3/4: 0.6%)
Infections and infestations Infection (G3/4: 6.3%); Neutropenic infection.
Neoplasms benign, malignant and unspecified (incl cysts and polyps) Cancer pain (G3/4: 0.6%)
Vascular disorders Venous disorder (G3/4:0.6%)
General disorders and administration site conditions Lethargy (G3/4:3.4%) Pyrexia (G3/4:0.6%) Fluid retention Oedema
Immune system disorders Hypersensitivity (no severe)

 

  • Induction chemotherapy followed by chemoradiotherapy (TAX 324)
MedDRA System Organ classes Very common adverse reactions
≥ 1/10
Common adverse reactions
≥ 1/100,
< 1/10
Uncommon adverse reactions
≥ 1/1000,
< 1/100
Investigations Weight decreased Weight increased
Cardiac disorders Arrhythmia (G3/4:2.0%) Ischemia myocardial
Blood and the lymphatic system disorders Neutropenia (G3/4:83.5%) Anemia (G3/4:12.4%) Thrombocytopenia (G3/4:4.0%) Febrile neutropenia
Nervous system disorders Dysgeusia/Parosmia (G3/4:0.4%); Peripheral sensory neuropathy (G3/4:1.2%) Dizziness (G3/4:2.0%); Peripheral motor neuropathy (G3/4:0.4%)
Eye disorders Lacrimation increased Conjunctivitis
Ear and labyrinth disorders Hearing impaired (G3/4:1.2%)
Gastrointestinal disorders Nausea (G3/4: 13.9%); Stomatitis (G3/4:20.7%); Vomiting (G3/4:8.4%); Diarrhea (G3/4: 6.8%); Esophagitis/dysphagia/ odynophagia (G3/4:12.0%); Constipation (G3/4:0.4%) Dyspepsia (G3/4:0.8%); Gastrointestinal pain (G3/4: 1.2%); Gastrointestinal haemorrhage (G3/4:0.4%)
Skin and subcutaneous tissue disorders Alopecia (G3/4:4.0%); Rash pruritic Dry skin; Desquamation
Musculoskeletal and connective tissue disorders. Myalgia (G3/4:0.4%)
Metabolism and nutrition disorders Anorexia (G3/4: 12.0%)
Infections and infestations Infection (G3/4: 3.6%); Neutropenic infection.
Neoplasms benign, malignant and unspecified (incl cysts and polyps) Cancer pain (G3/4: 1.2%)
Vascular disorders Venous disorder
General disorders and administration site conditions Lethargy (G3/4:4.0%) Pyrexia (G3/4:3.6%) Fluid retention (G3/4:1.2) Oedema (G3/4:1.2%)
Immune system disorders Hypersensitivity

 

Post-Marketing Experience:

Cardiac disorders
Rare cases of myocardial infarction have been reported.

Blood and the lymphatic system disorders
Bone marrow suppression and other hematologic adverse reactions have been reported. Disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC), often in association with sepsis or multiorgan failure, has been reported.

Nervous system disorders
Rare cases of convulsion or transient loss of consciousness have been observed with docetaxel administration. These reactions sometimes appear during the infusion of the drug.

Eye Disorders
Very rare cases of transient visual disturbances (flashes, flashing lights, scotomata) typically occurring during drug infusion and in association with hypersensitivity reactions have been reported. These were reversible upon discontinuation of the infusion. Cases of lacrimation with or without conjunctivitis, as cases of lacrimal duct obstruction resulting in excessive tearing have been rarely reported.

Ear and labyrinth disorders
Rare cases of ototoxicity, hearing impaired and/or hearing loss have been reported.

Respiratory, thoracic and mediastinal disorders
Acute respiratory distress syndrome, interstitial pneumonia and pulmonary fibrosis have rarely been reported. Rare cases of radiation pneumonitis have been reported in patients receiving concomitant radiotherapy

Gastrointestinal disorders
Rare occurrences of dehydration as a consequence of gastrointestinal events, gastrointestinal perforation, colitis ischaemic, colitis and neutropenic enterocolitis have been reported. Rare cases of ileus and intestinal obstruction have been reported.

Skin and subcutaneous tissue disorders
Very rare cases of cutaneous lupus erythematosus and bullous eruptions such as erythema multiforme, Stevens-Johnson syndrome, toxic epidermal necrolysis, have been reported with docetaxel. In some cases concomitant factors may have contributed to the development of these effects. Sclerodermal-like changes usually preceded by peripheral lymphoedema have been reported with docetaxel.

Neoplasms benign, malignant and unspecified (incl cysts and polyps)
Very rare cases of acute myeloid leukaemia and myelodysplastic syndrome have been reported in association with docetaxel when used in combination with other chemotherapy agents and/or radiotherapy.

Vascular disorders
Venous thromboembolic events have rarely been reported.

General disorders and administration site conditions
Radiation recall phenomena have rarely been reported. Fluid retention has not been accompanied by acute episodes of oliguria or hypotension. Dehydration and pulmonary oedema have rarely been reported

Immune system disorders
Some cases of anaphylactic shock, sometimes fatal, have been reported.

Hepato-biliary disorders
Very rare cases of hepatitis, sometimes fatal primarily in patients with pre-existing liver disorders, have been reported.

4.9 Overdose

There were a few reports of overdose. There is no known antidote for docetaxel overdose. In case of overdose, the patient should be kept in a specialised unit and vital functions closely monitored. In cases of overdose, exacerbation of adverse events may be expected. The primary anticipated complications of overdose would consist of bone marrow suppression, peripheral neurotoxicity and mucositis. Patients should receive therapeutic G-CSF as soon as possible after discovery of overdose. Other appropriate symptomatic measures should be taken, as needed.

  1. Pharmacological Properties

5.1 Pharmacodynamic properties

Pharmaco-therapeutic group: Antineoplastic agents.

Preclinical data

Docetaxel is an antineoplastic agent which acts by promoting the assembly of tubulin into stable microtubules and inhibits their disassembly which leads to a marked decrease of free tubulin. The binding of docetaxel to microtubules does not alter the number of protofilaments.

Docetaxel has been shown in vitro to disrupt the microtubular network in cells which is essential for vital mitotic and interphase cellular functions.

Docetaxel was found to be cytotoxic in vitro against various murine and human tumour cell lines and against freshly excised human tumour cells in clonogenic assays. Docetaxel achieves high intracellular concentrations with a long cell residence time. In addition, docetaxel was found to be active on some but not all cell lines over expressing the p-glycoprotein which is encoded by the multidrug resistance gene. In vivo, docetaxel is schedule independent and has a broad spectrum of experimental antitumour activity against advanced murine and human grafted tumours.

Clinical data

Breast cancer

Docetaxel in combination with doxorubicin and cyclophosphamide: adjuvant therapy

Data from a multicenter open label randomized trial support the use of docetaxel for the adjuvant treatment of patients with operable node-positive breast cancer and KPS ≥ 80%, between 18 and 70 years of age. After stratification according to the number of positive lymph nodes (1-3, 4+), 1491 patients were randomized to receive either docetaxel 75 mg/m2 administered 1-hour after doxorubicin 50 mg/m2 and cyclophosphamide 500 mg/m2 (TAC arm), or doxorubicin 50 mg/m2 followed by fluorouracil 500 mg/m2 and cyclosphosphamide 500 mg/m2 (FAC arm). Both regimens were administered once every 3 weeks for 6 cycles. Docetaxel was administered as a 1-hour infusion, all other drugs were given as IV bolus on day one. G-CSF was administered as secondary prophylaxis to patients who experienced complicated neutropenia (febrile neutropenia, prolonged neutropenia, or infection). Patients on the TAC arm received antibiotic prophylaxis with ciprofloxacin 500 mg orally twice daily for 10 days starting on day 5 of each cycle, or equivalent. In both arms, after the last cycle of chemotherapy, patients with positive estrogen and/or progesterone receptors received tamoxifen 20 mg daily for up to 5 years. Adjuvant radiation therapy was prescribed according to guidelines in place at participating institutions and was given to 69% of patients who received TAC and 72% of patients who received FAC.
An interim analysis was performed with a median follow up of 55 months. Significantly longer disease-free survival for the TAC arm compared to the FAC arm was demonstrated. Incidence of relapses at 5 years was reduced in patients receiving TAC compared to those who received FAC (25% versus 32%, respectively) i.e. an absolute risk reduction by 7% (p=0.001). Overall survival at 5 years was also significantly increased with TAC compared to FAC (87% versus 81%, respectively) i.e. an absolute reduction of the risk of death by 6% (p=0.008). TAC-treated patient subsets according to prospectively defined major prognostic factors were analyzed:

  Disease Free Survival Overall Survival
Patient subset Number of patients Hazard ratio* 95% CI P= Hazard ratio* 95% CI P=
No of positive nodes Overall
1-3
4+
745
467
278
0.72
0.61
0.83
0.59-0.88 0.46-0.82 0.63-1.08 0.001 0.0009 0.17 0.70
0.45
0.94
0.53-0.91 0.29-0.70 0.66-1.33 0.008 0.0002 0.72

 

*a hazard ratio of less than 1 indicates that TAC is associated with a longer disease-free survival and overall survival compared to FAC

The beneficial effect of TAC was not proven in patients with 4 and more positive nodes (37% of the population) at the interim analysis stage. The effect appears to be less pronounced than in patients with 1-3 positive nodes. The benefit/risk ratio was not defined fully in patients with 4 and more positive nodes at this analysis stage.

Docetaxel as single agent

Two randomised phase III comparative studies, involving a total of 326 alkylating or 392 anthracycline failure metastatic breast cancer patients, have been performed with docetaxel at the recommended dose and regimen of 100 mg/m² every 3 weeks.

In alkylating-failure patients, docetaxel was compared to doxorubicin (75 mg/m² every 3 weeks). Without affecting overall survival time (docetaxel 15 months vs. doxorubicin 14 months, p=0.38) or time to progression (docetaxel 27 weeks vs. doxorubicin 23 weeks, p=0.54), docetaxel increased response rate (52% vs. 37%, p=0.01) and shortened time to response (12 weeks vs. 23 weeks, p=0.007). Three docetaxel patients (2%) discontinued the treatment due to fluid retention, whereas 15 doxorubicin patients (9%) discontinued due to cardiac toxicity (three cases of fatal congestive heart failure).

In anthracycline-failure patients, docetaxel was compared to the combination of Mitomycin C and Vinblastine (12 mg/m² every 6 weeks and 6 mg/m² every 3 weeks). Docetaxel increased response rate (33% vs. 12%, p < 0.0001), prolonged time to progression (19 weeks vs. 11 weeks, p=0.0004) and prolonged overall survival (11 months vs. 9 months, p=0.01).

During these two phase III studies, the safety profile of docetaxel was consistent with the safety profile observed in phase II studies (see section 4.8).

An open-label, multicenter, randomized phase III study was conducted to compare docetaxel monotherapy and paclitaxel in the treatment of advanced breast cancer in patients whose previous therapy should have included an anthracycline. A total of 449 patients were randomized to receive either docetaxel monotherapy 100 mg/m² as a 1 hour infusion or paclitaxel 175 mg/m² as a 3 hour infusion. Both regimens were administered every 3 weeks.
Without affecting the primary endpoint, overall response rate (32% vs 25%, p=0.10), docetaxel prolonged median time to progression (24.6 weeks vs 15.6 weeks; p < 0.01) and median survival (15.3 months vs 12.7 months; p=0.03).
More grade 3/4 adverse events were observed for docetaxel monotherapy (55.4%) compared to paclitaxel (23.0%).

Docetaxel in combination with doxorubicin

One large randomized phase III study, involving 429 previously untreated patients with metastatic disease, has been performed with doxorubicin (50 mg/m²) in combination with docetaxel (75 mg/m²) (AT arm) versus doxorubicin (60 mg/m²) in combination with cyclophosphamide (600 mg/m²) (AC arm). Both regimens were administered on day 1 every 3 weeks.

  • Time to progression (TTP) was significantly longer in the AT arm versus AC arm, p=0.0138. The median TTP was 37.3 weeks (95%CI :33.4 – 42.1) in AT arm and 31.9 weeks (95%CI : 27.4 – 36.0) in AC arm.
  • Overall response rate (ORR) was significantly higher in the AT arm versus AC arm, p=0.009. The ORR was 59.3% (95%CI : 52.8 – 65.9) in AT arm versus 46.5% (95%CI : 39.8 – 53.2) in AC arm.

In this trial, AT arm showed a higher incidence of severe neutropenia (90% versus 68.6%), febrile neutropenia (33.3% versus 10%), infection (8% versus 2.4%), diarrhea (7.5% versus 1.4%), asthenia (8.5% versus 2.4%), and pain (2.8% versus 0%) than AC arm. On the other hand, AC arm showed a higher incidence of severe anemia (15.8% versus 8.5%) than AT arm, and, in addition, a higher incidence of severe cardiac toxicity: congestive heart failure (3.8% versus 2.8%), absolute LVEF decrease ≥ 20% (13.1 % versus 6.1%), absolute LVEF decrease ≥ 30% (6.2% versus 1.1%). Toxic deaths occurred in 1 patient in the AT arm (congestive heart failure) and in 4 patients in the AC arm (1 due to septic shock and 3 due to congestive heart failure). In both arms, quality of life measured by the EORTC questionnaire was comparable and stable during treatment and follow-up.

Docetaxel in combination with trastuzumab

Docetaxel in combination with trastuzumab was studied for the treatment of patients with metastatic breast cancer whose tumors overexpress HER2, and who previously had not received chemotherapy for metastatic disease. One hundred eighty six patients were randomized to receive docetaxel (100 mg/m2 ) with or without trastuzumab; 60% of patients received prior anthracyclinebased adjuvant chemotherapy. Docetaxel plus trastuzumab was efficacious in patients whether or not they had received prior adjuvant anthracyclines. The main test method used to determine HER2 positivity in this pivotal trial was immunohistochemistry (IHC). A minority of patients were tested using fluorescence in-situ hybridization (FISH). In this trial, 87% of patients had disease that was IHC 3+, and 95% of patients entered had disease that was IHC 3+ and/or FISH positive. Efficacy results are summarized in the following table:

Parameter Docetaxel plus trastuzumab1 n=92 Docetaxel1 n=94
Response rate
(95% CI)
61%

(50-71)

34%
(25-45)
Median Duration of response (months)
(95% CI)
11.4
(9.2-15.0)
5.1
(4.4-6.2)
Median TTP (months)
(95% CI)
10.6
(7.6-12.9)
5.7
(5.0-6.5)
Median Survival (months)
(95% CI)
30.52
(26.8-ne)
22.12
(17.6-28.9)

TTP=time to progression; “ne” indicates that it could not be estimated or it was not yet reached.
1 Full analysis set (intent-to-treat)
2 Estimated median survival

Docetaxel in combination with capecitabine

Data from one multicenter, randomised, controlled phase III clinical trial support the use of docetaxel in combination with capecitabine for treatment of patients with locally advanced or metastatic breast cancer after failure of cytotoxic chemotherapy, including an anthracycline. In this trial, 255 patients were randomised to treatment with docetaxel (75 mg/m2 as a 1 hour intravenous infusion every 3 weeks) and capecitabine (1250 mg/m2 twice daily for 2 weeks followed by 1-week rest period). 256 patients were randomised to treatment with docetaxel alone (100 mg/ m2 as a 1 hour intravenous infusion every 3 weeks). Survival was superior in the docetaxel +capecitabine combination arm (p=0.0126). Median survival was 442 days (docetaxel + capecitabine) vs. 352 days (docetaxel alone). The overall objective response rates in the all-randomised population (investigator assessment) were 41.6% (docetaxel + capecitabine) vs. 29.7% (docetaxel alone); p = 0.0058. Time to progressive disease was superior in the docetaxel + capecitabine combination arm (p < 0.0001). The median time to progression was 186 days (docetaxel + capecitabine) vs. 128 days (docetaxel alone).

Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

Patients previously treated with chemotherapy with or without radiotherapy

In a phase III study, in previously treated patients, time to progression (12.3 weeks versus 7 weeks) and overall survival were significantly longer for docetaxel at 75 mg/m² compared to Best Supportive Care. The 1-year survival rate was also significantly longer in docetaxel (40%) versus BSC (16%). There was less use of morphinic analgesic (p < 0.01), non-morphinic analgesics (p < 0.01), other diseaserelated medications (p=0.06) and radiotherapy (p < 0.01) in patients treated with docetaxel at 75 mg/m² compared to those with BSC.
The overall response rate was 6.8% in the evaluable patients, and the median duration of response was 26.1 weeks.

Docetaxel in combination with platinum agents in chemotherapy-naïve patients

In a Phase III trial, 1218 patients with unresectable stage IIIB or IV NSCLC, with KPS of 70% or greater, and who did not receive previous chemotherapy for this condition, were randomised to either docetaxel (T) 75 mg/m2 as a 1 hour infusion immediately followed by cisplatin (Cis) 75 mg/ m2 over 30-60 minutes every 3 weeks, docetaxel 75 mg/ m2 as a 1 hour infusion in combination with carboplatin (AUC 6 mg/ml•min) over 30-60 minutes every 3 weeks, or vinorelbine (V) 25 mg/ m2 administered over 6-10 minutes on days 1, 8, 15, 22 followed by cisplatin 100 mg/ m2 administered on day 1 of cycles repeated every 4 weeks.

Survival data, median time to progression and response rates for two arms of the study are illustrated in the following table:

TCis
n=408
VCis
N=404
Statistical Analysis
Overall Survival (Primary end-point):    Median Survival (months)
1-year Survival (%)
 

 

 

11.3
46

 

 

 

10.1
41

Hazard Ratio: 1.122 [97.2% CI: 0.937; 1.342]*
Treatment difference: 5.4%
[95% CI: -1.1; 12.0]
2-year Survival (%) 21 14 Treatment difference: 6.2%
[95% CI: 0.2; 12.3]
Median Time to Progression (weeks): 22.0 23.0 Hazard Ratio: 1.032 [95% CI: 0.876; 1.216]
Overall Response Rate (%): 31.6 24.5 Treatment difference: 7.1%
[95% CI: 0.7; 13.5]

*: Corrected for multiple comparisons and adjusted for stratification factors (stage of disease and region of treatment), based on evaluable patient population.

Secondary end-points included change of pain, global rating of quality of life by EuroQoL-5D, Lung Cancer Symptom Scale, and changes in Karnosfky performance status. Results on these end-points were supportive of the primary end-points results.

For docetaxel/carboplatin combination, neither equivalent nor non-inferior efficacy could be proven compared to the reference treatment combination VCis.

Prostate Cancer
The safety and efficacy of docetaxel in combination with prednisone or prednisolone in patients with hormone refractory metastatic prostate cancer were evaluated in a randomized multicenter Phase III trial. A total of 1006 patients with KPS ≥ 60 were randomized to the following treatment groups:
·  Docetaxel 75 mg/m2 every 3 weeks for 10 cycles.
·  Docetaxel 30 mg/m2 administered weekly for the first 5 weeks in a 6 week cycle for 5 cycles.
·  Mitoxantrone 12 mg/m2  every 3 weeks for 10 cycles.
All 3 regimens were administered in combination with prednisone or prednisolone 5 mg twice daily, continuously.

Patients who received docetaxel every three weeks demonstrated significantly longer overall survival compared to those treated with mitoxantrone. The increase in survival seen in the docetaxel weekly arm was not statistically significant compared to the mitoxantrone control arm. Efficacy endpoints for the docetaxel arms versus the control arm are summarized in the following table:

Endpoint Docetaxel every 3 weeks Docetaxel every week Mitoxantrone every 3 weeks
Number of patients
Median survival (months)
95% CIHazard ratio 95% CI
p-value† *
335

18.9

(17.0-21.2)
0.761
(0.619-0.936)
0.0094

334

17.4

(15.7-19.0)
0.912
(0.747-1.113)
0.3624

337

16.5

(14.4-18.6)

Number of patients
PSA** response rate (%)
95% CI
p-value*
291

45.4

(39.5-51.3)
0.0005

282

47.9

(41.9-53.9)
< 0.0001

300

31.7

(26.4-37.3)

Number of patients

Pain response rate (%) 95% CI


p-value*

153

34.6
(27.1-42.7)

0.0107

154

31.2
(24.0-39.1)

0.0798

157

21.7
(15.5-28.9)

Number of patients

Tumor response rate (%)

95% CI

p-value*

141

12.1

(7.2-18.6)
0.1112

134

 

8.2

(4.2-14.2)
0.5853

137

 

6.6

(3.0-12.1)

† Stratified log rank test
*Threshold for statistical significance=0.0175
**PSA: Prostate-Specific Antigen

Given the fact that docetaxel every week presented a slightly better safety profile than docetaxel every 3 weeks, it is possible that certain patients may benefit from docetaxel every week.

No statistical differences were observed between treatment groups for Global Quality of Life.

Gastric Adenocarcinoma
A multicenter, open-label, randomized trial, was conducted to evaluate the safety and efficacy of docetaxel for the treatment of patients with metastatic gastric adenocarcinoma, including adenocarcinoma of the gastroesophageal junction, who had not received prior chemotherapy for metastatic disease. A total of 445 patients with KPS>70 were treated with either docetaxel (T) (75 mg/m2 on day 1) in combination with cisplatin (C) (75 mg/m2 on day 1) and 5-fluorouracil (F) (750 mg/m2 per day for 5 days) or cisplatin (100 mg/m2 on day 1) and 5-fluorouracil (1000 mg/m2 per day for 5 days). The length of a treatment cycle was 3 weeks for the TCF arm and 4 weeks for the CF arm. The median number of cycles administered per patient was 6 (with a range of 1-16) for the TCF arm compared to 4 (with a range of 1-12) for the CF arm. Time to progression (TTP) was the primary endpoint. The risk reduction of progression was 32.1% and was associated with a significantly longer TTP (p=0.0004) in favor of the TCF arm. Overall survival was also significantly longer (p=0.0201) in favor of the TCF arm with a risk reduction of mortality of 22.7%. Efficacy results are summarized in the following table:

Efficacy of docetaxel in the treatment of patients with gastric adenocarcinoma

Endpoint TCF
n=221
CF
N=224
Median TTP (months)
(95%CI)
Hazard ratio
(95%CI)
*p-value
5.6
(4.86-5.91)
3.7
(3.45-4.47)
1.473
(1.189-1.825)
0.0004
Median survival (months)
(95%CI)
2-year estimate (%)
Hazard ratio
(95%CI)
*p-value
9.2
(8.38-10.58)
18.4
8.6
(7.16-9.46)
8.8
1.293
(1.041-1.606)
0.0201
Overall Response Rate (CR+PR) (%)
p-value
36.7 25.4
0.0106
Progressive Disease as Best Overall
Response (%)
16.7 25.9

*Unstratified logrank test

Subgroup analyses across age, gender and race consistently favored the TCF arm compared to the CF arm.

A survival update analysis conducted with a median follow-up time of 41.6 months no longer showed a statistically significant difference although always in favour of the TCF regimen and showed that the benefit of TCF over CF is clearly observed between 18 and 30 months of follow up.

Overall, quality of life (QoL) and clinical benefit results consistently indicated improvement in favor of the TCF arm. Patients treated with TCF had a longer time to 5% definitive deterioration of global health status on the QLQ-C30 questionnaire (p=0.0121) and a longer time to definitive worsening of Karnofsky performance status (p=0.0088) compared to patients treated with CF.

Head and neck cancer

  • Induction chemotherapy followed by radiotherapy (TAX323)

The safety and efficacy of docetaxel in the induction treatment of patients with squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck (SCCHN) was evaluated in a phase III, multicenter, open-label, randomized trial (TAX323). In this study, 358 patients with inoperable locally advanced SCCHN, and WHO perfomance status 0 or 1, were randomized to one of two treatment arms. Patients on the docetaxel arm received docetaxel (T) 75 mg/m2 followed by cisplatin (P) 75 mg/m2 followed by 5-fluorouracil (F) 750 mg/m2 per day as a continuous infusion for 5 days. This regimen was administered every three weeks for 4 cycles in case at least a minor response (≥ 25% reduction in bidimensionally measured tumour size) was observed after 2 cycles. At the end of chemotherapy, with a minimal interval of 4 weeks and a maximal interval of 7 weeks, patients whose disease did not progress received radiotherapy (RT) according to institutional guidelines for 7 weeks (TPF/RT). Patients on the comparator arm received cisplatin (P) 100 mg/m2 followed by 5-fluorouracil (F) 1000 mg/m2 per day for 5 days. This regimen was administered every three weeks for 4 cycles in case at least a minor response (≥ 25% reduction in bidimensionally measured tumour size) was observed after 2 cycles. At the end of chemotherapy, with a minimal interval of 4 weeks and a maximal interval of 7 weeks, patients whose disease did not progress received radiotherapy (RT) according to institutional guidelines for 7 weeks (PF/RT). Locoregional therapy with radiation was delivered either with a conventional fraction (1.8 Gy – 2.0 Gy once a day, 5 days per week for a total dose of 66 to 70 Gy), or accelerated/hyperfractionated regimens of radiation therapy (twice a day, with a minimum interfraction interval of 6 hours, 5 days per week). A total of 70 Gy was recommended for accelerated regimens and 74 Gy for hyperfractionated schemes. Surgical resection was allowed following chemotherapy, before or after radiotherapy. Patients on the TPF arm received antibiotic prophylaxis with ciprofloxacin 500 mg orally twice daily for 10 days starting on day 5 of each cycle, or equivalent. The primary endpoint in this study, progression-free survival (PFS), was significantly longer in theTPF arm compared to the PF arm, p = 0.0042 (median PFS: 11.4 vs. 8.3 months respectively) with an overall median follow up time of 33.7 months. Median overall survival was also significantly longer in favor of the TPF arm compared to the PF arm (median OS: 18.6 vs. 14.5 months respectively) with a 28% risk reduction of mortality, p = 0.0128.Efficacy results are presented in the table below:

Efficacy of docetaxel in the induction treatment of patients with inoperable locally advanced SCCHN (Intent-to-Treat Analysis)

Endpoint Docetaxel+
Cis+5-FU
n=177
Cis+5-FU

n=181

Median progression free survival (months) (95%CI) Adjusted Hazard ratio (95%CI) *p-value 11.4
(10.1-14.0)
8.3
(7.4-9.1)
0.70
(0.55-0.89)
0.0042
Median survival (months) (95%CI) Hazard ratio (95%CI) **p-value 18.6
(15.7-24.0)
14.5

(11.6-18.7)

0.72
(0.56-0.93)
0.0128
Best overall response to chemotherapy (%) (95%CI)
***p-value
67.8

(60.4-74.6)

53.6

(46.0-61.0)

0.006
Best overall response to study treatment [chemotherapy +/- radiotherapy] (%) (95%CI)
***p-value
72.3
(65.1-78.8)
58.6

(51.0-65.8)

0.006
Median duration of response to chemotherapy ± radiotherapy (months) (95%CI) Hazard ratio (95%CI) **p-value n=128 15.7 (13.4-24.6) n=106 11.7 (10.2-17.4)
0.72
(0.52-0.99)
0.0457

A Hazard ratio of less than 1 favors docetaxel+Cisplatin+5-FU
*Cox model (adjustment for Primary tumor site, T and N clinical stages and PSWHO)
**Logrank test
*** Chi-square test

Quality of life parameters
Patients treated with TPF experienced significantly less deterioration of their Global health score compared to those treated with PF (p=0.01, using the EORTC QLQ-C30 scale).

Clinical benefit parameters
The performance status scale, for head and neck (PSS-HN) subscales designed to measure understandability of speech, ability to eat in public, and normalcy of diet, was significantly in favor of TPF as compared to PF. Median time to first deterioration of WHO performance status was significantly longer in the TPF arm compared to PF. Pain intensity score improved during treatment in both groups indicating adequate pain management.

  • Induction chemotherapy followed by chemoradiotherapy (TAX324)

The safety and efficacy of docetaxel in the induction treatment of patients with locally advanced squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck (SCCHN) was evaluated in a randomized, multicenter open-label, phase III, trial (TAX324). In this study, 501 patients, with locally advanced SCCHN, and a WHO performance status of 0 or 1, were randomized to one of two arms. The study population comprised patients with technically unresectable disease, patients with low probability of surgical cure and patients aiming at organ preservation. The efficacy and safety evaluation solely addressed survival endpoints and the success of organ preservation was not formally addressed. Patients on the docetaxel arm received docetaxel (T) 75 mg/m² by intravenous infusion on day 1 followed by cisplatin (P) 100 mg/m² administered as a 30-minute to three-hour intravenous infusion, followed by the continuous intravenous infusion of 5-fluorouracil (F) 1000 mg/m²/day from day 1 to day 4. The cycles were repeated every 3 weeks for 3 cycles. All patients who did not have progressive disease were to receive chemoradiotherapy (CRT) as per protocol (TPF/CRT). Patients on the comparator arm received cisplatin (P) 100 mg/m² as a 30-minute to three-hour intravenous infusion on day 1 followed by the continuous intravenous infusion of 5-fluorouracil (F) 1000 mg/m²/day from day 1 to day 5. The cycles were repeated every 3 weeks for 3 cycles. All patients who did not have progressive disease were to receive CRT as per protocol (PF/CRT).

Patients in both treatment arms were to receive 7 weeks of CRT following induction chemotherapy with a minimum interval of 3 weeks and no later than 8 weeks after start of the last cycle (day 22 to day 56 of last cycle). During radiotherapy, carboplatin (AUC 1.5) was given weekly as a one-hour intravenous infusion for a maximum of 7 doses. Radiation was delivered with megavoltage equipment using once daily fractionation (2 Gy per day, 5 days per week for 7 weeks, for a total dose of 70-72 Gy). Surgery on the primary site of disease and/or neck could be considered at anytime following completion of CRT. All patients on the docetaxel-containing arm of the study received prophylactic antibiotics. The primary efficacy endpoint in this study, overall survival (OS) was significantly longer (log-rank test, p = 0.0058) with the docetaxelcontaining regimen compared to PF (median OS: 70.6 versus 30.1 months respectively), with a 30% risk reduction in mortality compared to PF (hazard ratio (HR) = 0.70, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 0.54-0.90) with an overall median follow up time of 41.9 months. The secondary endpoint, PFS, demonstrated a 29% risk reduction of progression or death and a 22 month improvement in median PFS (35.5 months for TPF and 13.1 for PF). This was also statistically significant with an HR of 0.71; 95% CI 0.56-0.90; log-rank test p = 0.004. Efficacy results are presented in the table below:

Efficacy of docetaxel in the induction treatment of patients with locally advanced SCCHN (Intent-to-Treat Analysis)

Endpoint Docetaxel+
Cis+5-FU
n=225
Cis+5-FU

n=246

Median overall survival (months) (95% CI)
Hazard ratio
(95% CI)
*p-value
70.6
(49.0-NA)
30.1
(20.9-51.5)
0.70
(0.54-0.90)
0.0058
Median PFS (months)
(95% CI)
Hazard ratio
(95% CI)
**p-value
35.5
(19.3-NA)
13.1
(10.6-20.2)
0.71
(0.56-0.90)
0.004
Best overall response (CR+PR) to chemotherapy (%)
(95% CI)
***p-value
71.8
(65.8-77.2)
64.2
(57.9-70.2)
0.070
Best overall response (CR+PR) to study treatment [chemotherapy +/- chemoradiotherapy] (%)
(95% CI)
*** p-value
76.5
(70.8-81.5)
71.5
(65.5-77.1)
0.209

 

A Hazard ratio of less than 1 favors docetaxel + cisplation + fluorouracil
*un-adjusted log-rank test
**un-adjusted log-rank test, not adjusted for multiple comparisons
***Chi square test, not adjusted for multiple comparisons  NA – not applicable

5.2 Pharmacokinetic properties

The pharmacokinetics of docetaxel have been evaluated in cancer patients after administration of 20-115 mg/m2 in Phase I studies. The kinetic profile of docetaxel is dose independent and consistent with a threecompartment pharmacokinetic model with half lives for the α, β and γ phases of 4 min, 36 min and 11.1 h, respectively. The late phase is due, in part, to a relatively slow efflux of docetaxel from the peripheral compartment. Following the administration of a 100 mg/m2 dose given as a one hour infusion a mean peak plasma level of 3.7 µg/ml was obtained with a corresponding AUC of 4.6 h.µg/ml. Mean values for total body clearance and steady-state volume of distribution were 21 l/h/m2 and 113 l, respectively. Inter individual variation in total body clearance was approximately 50%. Docetaxel is more than 95% bound to plasma proteins.

A study of 14C-docetaxel has been conducted in three cancer patients. Docetaxel was eliminated in both the urine and faeces following cytochrome P450-mediated oxidative metabolism of the tert-butyl ester group, within seven days, the urinary and faecal excretion accounted for about 6% and 75% of the administered radioactivity, respectively. About 80% of the radioactivity recovered in faeces is excreted during the first 48 hours as one major inactive metabolite and 3 minor inactive metabolites and very low amounts of unchanged medicinal product.

A population pharmacokinetic analysis has been performed with docetaxel in 577 patients. Pharmacokinetic parameters estimated by the model were very close to those estimated from Phase I studies. The pharmacokinetics of docetaxel were not altered by the age or sex of the patient. In a small number of patients (n=23) with clinical chemistry data suggestive of mild to moderate liver function impairment (ALT, AST ≥ 1.5 times the ULN associated with alkaline phosphatase ≥ 2.5 times the ULN), total clearance was lowered by 27% on average (see section 4.2). Docetaxel clearance was not modified in patients with mild to moderate fluid retention and there are no data available in patients with severe fluid retention.

When used in combination, docetaxel does not influence the clearance of doxorubicin and the plasma levels of doxorubicinol (a doxorubicin metabolite). The pharmacokinetics of docetaxel, doxorubicin and cyclophosphamide were not influenced by their coadministration.

Phase I study evaluating the effect of capecitabine on the pharmacokinetics of docetaxel and vice versa showed no effect by capecitabine on the pharmacokinetics of docetaxel (Cmax and AUC) and no effect by docetaxel on the pharmacokinetics of a relevant capecitabine metabolite 5’-DFUR.

Clearance of docetaxel in combination therapy with cisplatin was similar to that observed following monotherapy. The pharmacokinetic profile of cisplatin administered shortly after docetaxel infusion is similar to that observed with cisplatin alone. The combined administration of docetaxel, cisplatin and 5-fluorouracil in 12 patients with solid tumors had no influence on the pharmacokinetics of each individual drug.

The effect of prednisone on the pharmacokinetics of docetaxel administered with standard dexamethasone premedication has been studied in 42 patients. No effect of prednisone on the pharmacokinetics of docetaxel was observed.

5.3 Preclinical safety data

The carcinogenic potential of docetaxel has not been studied.

Docetaxel has been shown to be mutagenic in the in vitro micronucleus and chromosome aberration test in CHO-K1 cells and in the in vivo micronucleus test in the mouse. However, it did not induce mutagenicity in the Ames test or the CHO/HGPRT gene mutation assay. These results are consistent with the pharmacological activity of docetaxel.

Adverse effects on the testis observed in rodent toxicity studies suggest that docetaxel may impair male fertility.

  1. Pharmaceutical Particulars

    6.1 List of excipients
    Docetaxel Trihydrate USP, Anhydrous Citric Acid USP, Polysorbate 80 USNF, Alcohol USP, Water for Injection USP.

6.2 Incompatibilities

This medicinal product must not be mixed with other medicinal products except those mentioned in 6.6.
6.3  Shelf life
Docetaxel Actavis vials as packaged for sale: 24 months when stored below 25° C

  • Premix solution: The premix solution contains 10 mg/ml docetaxel and should be used immediately after preparation. However the chemical and physical stability of the premix solution has been 32 demonstrated for 8 hours when stored either between 2°C and 8°C or at room temperature (below 25°C). The premix solution is for single use only.
  • Infusion solution: Chemical and physical in-use stability has been demonstrated for 4 hours at about 25°C at normal lighting conditions, and 4 hours at 5°C ± 3°C protected from light. From a microbiological point of view, the product should be used immediately. If not used immediately, in-use storage times and conditions prior to use are the responsibility of the user and would normally not be longer than 24 hours at 2 to 8°C, unless dilution has taken place in controlled and validated aseptic conditions.

6.4 Special precautions for storage

Do not store above 25°C.
Store in the original package in order to protect from light.
For storage conditions of the reconstituted and the diluted medicinal product, see section 6.3.

6.5 Nature and contents of container

Each pack of Docetaxel Actavis is presented in a polystyrene Thermoformed tray for 2 vials which contains:
• one single dose Docetaxel Actavis vial of concentrate
• one single dose solvent for Docetaxel Actavis vial of concentrate

Docetaxel Actavis 20 mg/0.5 ml concentrate for solution for infusion vial:
8 ml clear borosilicate glass Type I vial with a bromobutylic rubber stopper and a metallic flip-off cap made of aluminium sheet with a polypropylene disk.
This vial contains 0.5 ml of a 40 mg/ml solution of docetaxel in citric acid anhydrous, polysorbate 80 and ethanol absolute (fill volume: 25.2mg/0.63 ml). Solvent vial: 8 ml clear borosilicate glass Type I vial with a bromobutylic rubber stopper and a metallic flip-off cap made of aluminium sheet with a polypropylene disk. Solvent vial contains 1.5 ml of a 9.53% w/w solution of ethanol absolute in water for injections (fill volume: 2.0 ml). The addition of the entire contents of the solvent vial to the contents of the Docetaxel Actavis 20 mg/0.5 ml concentrate for solution for infusion vial ensures a premix concentration of 10 mg/ml docetaxel.

Docetaxel Actavis 80 mg/2 ml concentrate for solution for infusion vial:
15 ml clear glass Type I vial with a bromobutilic rubber stopper and a metallic flip-off cap made of aluminium sheet with a polypropylene disk. This vial contains 2 ml of a 40 mg/ml solution of docetaxel in citric acid anhydrous, polysorbate 80 and ethanol absolute (fill volume: 92.0 mg/2.3 ml). Solvent vial: 15 ml clear borosilicate glass Type I vial with a bromobutilic rubber stopper and a metallic flip-off cap made of aluminium sheet with a polypropylene disk. Solvent vial contains 6 ml of a 9.53% w/w solution of ethanol absolute in water for injections (fill volume: 7.04 ml). The addition of the entire contents of the solvent vial to the contents of the Docetaxel Actavis 80 mg/2 ml concentrate for solution for infusion vial ensures a premix concentration of 10 mg/ml docetaxel.

6.6 Special precautions for disposal and other handling

Docetaxel Actavis is an antineoplastic agent and, as with other potentially toxic compounds, caution should be exercised when handling it and preparing Docetaxel Actavis solutions. The use of gloves is recommended. If Docetaxel Actavis concentrate, premix solution or infusion solution should come into contact with skin, wash immediately and thoroughly with soap and water. If Docetaxel Actavis concentrate, premix solution or infusion solution should come into contact with mucous membranes, wash immediately and thoroughly with water.

Fill volume

Docetaxel Actavis 20 mg/0.5 ml concentrate for solution for infusion vial

The fill volume of 25.2 mg/0.63 ml has been established during the development of Docetaxel Actavis to compensate for liquid loss during preparation of the premix due to foaming, adhesion to the walls of the vial and “dead-volume”. This overfill ensures that after dilution with the entire contents of the accompanying solvent for Docetaxel Actavis vial, there is a minimal extractable premix volume of 2 ml containing 10 mg/ml docetaxel which corresponds to the labelled amount of 20 mg/0.5 ml per vial.

Docetaxel Actavis 80 mg/2 ml concentrate for solution for infusion vial:

The fill volume of (fill volume: 92.0 mg/2.3 ml) has been established during the development of Docetaxel Actavis to compensate for liquid loss during preparation of the premix due to foaming, adhesion to the walls of the vial and “dead-volume”. This overfill ensures that after dilution with the entire contents of the accompanying solvent for Docetaxel Actavis vial, there is a minimal extractable premix volume of 8 ml containing 10 mg/ml docetaxel which corresponds to the labelled amount of 80 mg/2 ml per vial.

Preparation for the intravenous administration

a)Preparation of the Docetaxel Actavis premix solution (10 mg docetaxel/ml)

If the vials are stored under refrigeration, allow the required number of Docetaxel Actavis boxes to stand at room temperature for 5 minutes.

Using a syringe fitted with a needle, aseptically withdraw the entire contents of the solvent for Docetaxel Actavis vial by partially inverting the vial. Inject the entire contents of the syringe into the corresponding Docetaxel Actavis vial.

Remove the syringe and needle and mix manually by repeated inversions for at least 120 seconds. Do not shake.

Allow the premix vial to stand for 3 minutes at room temperature and then check that the solution is homogenous and clear (foaming is normal even after 3 minutes due to the presence of polysorbate 80 in the formulation).

The premix solution contains 10 mg/ml docetaxel and should be used immediately after preparation. However the chemical and physical stability of the premix solution has been demonstrated for 8 hours when stored either between 2°C and 8°C or at room temperature (below 25°C).

  1. b) Preparation of the infusion solution

More than one premix vial may be necessary to obtain the required dose for the patient. Based on the required dose for the patient expressed in mg, aseptically withdraw the corresponding premix volume containing 10 mg/ml docetaxel from the appropriate number of premix vials using graduated syringes fitted with a needle. For example, a dose of 140 mg docetaxel would require 14 ml docetaxel premix solution. Inject the required premix volume into a 250 ml infusion bag or bottle containing either 5% glucose solution or 0.9% sodium chloride solution.

If a dose greater than 200 mg of docetaxel is required, use a larger volume of the infusion vehicle so that a concentration of 0.74 mg/ml docetaxel is not exceeded.

Mix the infusion bag or bottle manually using a rocking motion. The Docetaxel Actavis infusion solution should be used within 4 hours and should be aseptically administered as a 1-hour infusion under room temperature and normal lighting conditions.

As with all parenteral products, Docetaxel Actavis premix solution and infusion solution should be visually inspected prior to use, solutions containing a precipitate should be discarded. Any unused product or waste material should be disposed of in accordance with local requirements.

7. Manufactured in India By:
TAJ PHARMACEUTICALS LIMITED
at SURVEY NO.188/1 TO 189/1,190/1 TO 4,
ATHIYAWAD, DABHEL, DAMAN- 396210 (INDIA).

Docetaxel Injection USP 80mg/2.0ml With Solvent For Docetaxel Injection 80mg Taj Pharma
(APIDRYL)

Package leaflet: Information for the patient

Read all of this leaflet carefully before you start taking this medicine because it contains important information for you.
– Keep this leaflet. You may need to read it again.
 – If you have any further questions, ask your doctor or pharmacist.
– This medicine has been prescribed for you only. Do not pass it on to others. It may harm them, even if their signs of illness are the same as yours.
– If you get any side effects, talk to your doctor or pharmacist. This includes any possible side effects not listed in this leaflet (see section 4).
– The full name of this medicine is Docetaxel Injection USP with solvent for docetaxel injection but within the leaflet it will be referred to as Docetaxel.

What is in this leaflet

1. What Docetaxel is and what it is used for
2. What you need to know before you take Docetaxel
3. How to take Docetaxel
4. Possible side effects
5. How to store Docetaxel
6. Contents of the pack and other information

1.WHAT DOCETAXEL IS AND WHAT IT IS USED FOR

The name of this medicine is Docetaxel. Docetaxel is a substance derived from the needles of yew trees. Docetaxel belongs to the group of anti-cancer medicines called taxoids.

Docetaxel has been prescribed by your doctor for the treatment of breast cancer, special forms of lung cancer (non-small cell lung cancer), prostate cancer, gastric cancer or head and neck cancer:
· For the treatment of advanced breast cancer, Docetaxel could be administered either alone or in combination with doxorubicin, or trastuzumab, or capecitabine.
· For the treatment of early breast cancer with or without lymph node involvement, Docetaxel could be administered in combination with doxorubicin and cyclophosphamide.
· For the treatment of lung cancer, Docetaxel could be administered either alone or in combination with cisplatin.
· For the treatment of prostate cancer, Docetaxel is administered in combination with prednisone or prednisolone.
· For the treatment of metastatic gastric cancer, Docetaxel is administered in combination with cisplatin and 5-fluorouracil.
· For the treatment of head and neck cancer, Docetaxel is administered in combination with cisplatin and 5- fluorouracil.

  1. WHAT YOU NEED TO KNOW BEFORE YOU TAKE DOCETAXEL

Do not use Docetaxel if
• you are allergic to docetaxel or any of the other ingredients of this medicine (listed in section 6). • the number of white blood cells is too low.
• you have a severe liver disease.

Warnings and precautions 

Talk to your doctor or pharmacist before using Docetaxel
Before each treatment with Docetaxel, you will have blood tests to check that you have enough blood cells and sufficient liver function to receive Docetaxel. In case of white blood cells disturbances, you may experience associated fever or infections.

Tell your doctor, hospital pharmacist or nurse if you have vision problems. In case of vision problems, in particular blurred vision, you should immediately have your eyes and vision examined.

If you develop acute or worsening problem with your lungs (fever, shortness of breath or cough), please tell your doctor, pharmacist or nurse immediately. Your doctor may stop your treatment immediately.

You will be asked to take premedication consisting of an oral corticosteroid such as dexamethasone, one day prior to Docetaxel administration and to continue for one or two days after it in order to minimise certain undesirable effects which may occur after the infusion of Docetaxel in particular allergic reactions and fluid retention (swelling of the hands, feet, legs or weight gain).

During treatment, you may be given medication to maintain the number of your blood cells.

Docetaxel contains alcohol. Discuss with your doctor if you suffer from alcohol dependency or liver impairment. See also section “Docetaxel contains ethanol (alcohol)” below.

Other medicines and Docetaxel
Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are taking, have recently taken or might take any other medicine. This is because Docetaxel or the other medicine may not work as well as expected and you may be more likely to get a side effect.

Pregnancy, breast-feeding and fertility
If you are pregnant or breast-feeding, think you may be pregnant or are planning to have a baby, ask your doctor for advice before taking this medicine.

Pregnancy
Docetaxel must not be administered if you are pregnant unless clearly indicated by your doctor.

You must not become pregnant during treatment with this medicine and must use an effective method of contraception during therapy, because Docetaxel may be harmful for the unborn baby. If pregnancy occurs during your treatment, you must immediately inform your doctor.

Breast-feeding
You must not breast-feed while you are treated with Docetaxel.

Fertility
If you are a man being treated with Docetaxel you are advised not to father a child during and up to 6 months after treatment and to seek advice on conservation of sperm prior to treatment because docetaxel may alter male fertility.

Driving and using machines
No studies on the effects on the ability to drive and use machines have been performed.
There is no reason why you cannot drive between courses of Docetaxel except if you feel dizzy or are unsure of yourself.

Docetaxel contains ethanol (alcohol)
Docetaxel 20mg/0.5ml
This medicinal product contains up to 0.19g ethanol, equivalent to 4.8ml of beer or 2ml wine.

Docetaxel 80mg/2ml T
his medicinal product contains up to 0.76g ethanol, equivalent to 19.2 ml of beer or 8 ml wine.

Harmful for those suffering from alcoholism.

To be taken into account if you are pregnant or if you are a breast-feeding woman, in children and high risk groups such as patients with liver disease or epilepsy.

The amount of alcohol in this medicinal product may alter the effects of other medicines.

The amount of alcohol in this medicine may impair your ability to drive or use machines.

  1. HOW TO TAKE DOCETAXEL

Docetaxel will be administered to you by a healthcare professional.

Usual dosage
The dose will depend on your weight and your general condition. Your doctor will calculate your body surface area in square meters (m²) and will determine the dose you should receive.

Method and route of administration
Docetaxel will be given by infusion into one of your veins. Docetaxel comes in 2 parts, a single vial of concentrate and a single vial of solvent. The infusion is made by diluting the contents of the concentrate vial with the contents of the solvent vial and then the resultant ‘premix’ solution is diluted with an appropriate infusion solution before being administered. The infusion will last approximately one hour during which you will be in the hospital.

Frequency of administration
You should usually receive your infusion once every 3 weeks.
Your doctor may change the dose and frequency of dosing depending on your blood tests, your general condition and your response to Docetaxel. In particular, please inform your doctor in case of diarrhoea, sores in the mouth, feeling of numbness or pins and needles, fever and give her/him results of your blood tests. Such information will allow her/him to decide whether a dose reduction is needed. If you have any further questions on the use of this medicine, ask your doctor, or pharmacist.

4.POSSIBLE SIDE EFFECTS

Like all medicines, this medicine can cause side effects, although not everybody gets them.
Your doctor will discuss these with you and will explain the potential risks and benefits of your treatment.
The most commonly reported adverse reactions of Docetaxel alone are: decrease in the number of red blood cells or white blood cells, alopecia, nausea, vomiting, sores in the mouth, diarrhoea and tiredness.
The severity of adverse events of Docetaxel may be increased when Docetaxel is given in combination with other chemotherapeutic agents.
During the infusion at the hospital the following allergic reactions (may affect more than 1 in 10 people):
• flushing, skin reactions, itching,
• chest tightness; difficulty in breathing,
• fever or chills,
• back pain
• low blood pressure

More severe reactions may occur.

The hospital staff will monitor your condition closely during treatment. Tell them immediately if you notice any of these effects.

Between infusions of Docetaxel the following may occur, and the frequency may vary with the combinations of medicines that are received:

Very Common (may affect more than 1 in 10 people)
• infections, decrease in the number of red (anaemia), or white blood cells (which are important in fighting infection) and platelets,
• fever: if this happens you must tell your doctor immediately
• allergic reactions as described above
• loss of appetite (anorexia)
• insomnia
• feeling of numbness or pins and needles or pain in the joints or muscles
• headache
•  alteration in sense of taste
• inflammation of the eye or increased tearing of the eyes
• swelling caused by faulty lymphatic drainage
• shortness of breath
• nasal drainage; inflammation of the throat and nose; cough
• bleeding from the nose
• sores in the mouth
• stomach upsets including nausea, vomiting and diarrhoea, constipation
• abdominal pain
• indigestion
• hair loss (in most cases normal hair growth should return)
• redness and swelling of the palms of your hands or soles of your feet which may cause your skin to peel (this may also occur on the arms, face, or body)
• change in the color of your nails, which may detach
• muscle aches and pains; back pain or bone pain
• change or absence of menstrual period
• swelling of the hands, feet, legs
• tiredness; or flu-like symptoms
• weight gain or loss

Common (may affect up to 1 in 10 people)
• oral candidiasis
• dehydration
• dizziness
• hearing impaired
• decrease in blood pressure; irregular or rapid heart beat
• heart failure
• oesophagitis
• dry mouth
• difficulty or painful swallowing
• haemorrhage
• raised liver enzymes (hence the need for regular blood tests)

Uncommon (may affect up to 1 in 100 people)
• fainting
• at the injection site, skin reactions, phlebitis (inflammation of the vein) or swelling
• inflammation of the colon, small intestine; intestinal perforation
• blood clots

Frequency unknown
• interstitial lung disease (inflammation of the lungs causing coughing and difficulty breathing. Inflammation of the lungs can also develop when docetaxel therapy is used with radiotherapy)
• pneumonia (infection of the lungs)
• pulmonary fibrosis (scarring and thickening in the lungs with shortness of breath)
• burn like appearance at the injection site may appear several days after the last dose.
• blurred vision due to swelling of the retina within the eye (cystoid macular oedema)
•  decrease of the sodium in your blood.

Reporting of side effects
If you get any side effects, talk to your doctor, pharmacist or nurse. This includes any possible side effects not listed in this leaflet.

 5.HOW TO STORE DOCETAXEL

Keep this medicine out of the sight and reach of children.
Do not use this medicine after the expiry date which is stated on the carton, blister pack and vials.
Do not store above 25°C.
Store in the original package in order to protect from light.

The premix solution should be used immediately after preparation. However the chemical and physical stability of the premix solution has been demonstrated for 8 hours when stored either between 2°C and 8°C or at room temperature (below 25°C).

The infusion solution should be used within 4 hours at room temperature (below 25°C).

Do not throw away any medicines via wastewater or household waste. Ask your pharmacist how to throw away medicines you no longer use. These measures will help protect the environment.

  1. CONTENTS OF THE PACK AND FURTHER INFORMATION

What Docetaxel contain
•  The active substance is docetaxel. Each 3ml of docetaxel vial contains 120mg  or each 2ml 80mg or each 0.5 ml 20 of docetaxel. Other ingredients are Docetaxel Trihydrate USP, Anhydrous Citric Acid USP, Polysorbate 80 USNF, Alcohol USP, Water for Injection USP.

7. Manufactured in India By:
TAJ PHARMACEUTICALS LIMITED
at SURVEY NO.188/1 TO 189/1,190/1 TO 4,
ATHIYAWAD, DABHEL, DAMAN- 396210 (INDIA).

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