Anastrozole Tablets 1mg Taj Pharma

  1. Name of the medicinal product

Anastrozole Tablets 1mg Taj Pharma

  1. Qualitative and quantitative composition

Each film-coated tablet contains:
Anastrozole USP                                     1mg
Excipients                                                 q.s.
Color: Titanium Dioxide USP

For the full list of excipients, see section 6.1.

  1. Pharmaceutical form

Film-coated tablet.

  1. Clinical particulars

4.1 Therapeutic indications

Anastrazole is indicated for the:

– Treatment of hormone receptor-positive advanced breast cancer in postmenopausal women

– Adjuvant treatment of hormone receptor-positive early invasive breast cancer in postmenopausal women.

– Adjuvant treatment of hormone receptor-positive early invasive breast cancer in postmenopausal women who have received 2 to 3 years of adjuvant tamoxifen.

4.2 Posology and method of administration

Posology

The recommended dose of anastrozole for adults including the elderly is one 1mg tablet once a day.

For postmenopausal women with hormone receptor-positive early invasive breast cancer, the recommended duration of adjuvant endocrine treatment is 5 years.

Special populations

Paediatric population

Anastrozole is not recommended for use in children and adolescents due to insufficient data on safety and efficacy (see sections 4.4 and 5.1).

Renal impairment

No dose change is recommended in patients with mild or moderate renal impairment. In patients with severe renal impairment, administration of anastrozole should be performed with caution (see section 4.4 and 5.2).

Hepatic impairment

No dose change is recommended in patients with mild hepatic disease. Caution is advised in patients with moderate to severe hepatic impairment (see section 4.4).

Method of administration

Anastrozole Actavis should be taken orally.

4.3 Contraindications

Anastrozole is contraindicated in:

  • Pregnant or breast-feeding women.
  • Patients with known hypersensitivity to the active substance anastrozole or to any of the excipients listed in in section 6.1.

4.4 Special warnings and precautions for use

General

Anastrozole should not be used in premenopausal women. The menopause should be defined biochemically (luteinizing-hormone [LH], follicle stimulating hormone [FSH], and/or estradiol levels) in any patient where there is doubt about menopausal status. There are no data to support the use of anastrozole with LHRH analogues.

Co-administration of tamoxifen or estrogen-containing therapies with anastrozole should be avoided as this may diminish its pharmacological action (see section 4.5 and 5.1).

Effect on bone mineral density

As anastrozole lowers circulating estrogen levels it may cause a reduction in bone mineral density with a possible consequent increased risk of fracture (see section 4.8).

Women with osteoporosis or at risk of osteoporosis, should have their bone mineral density formally assessed at the commencement of treatment and at regular intervals thereafter. Treatment or prophylaxis for osteoporosis should be initiated as appropriate and carefully monitored. The use of specific treatments, e.g., bisphosphonates, may stop further bone mineral loss caused by anastrozole in postmenopausal women and could be considered (see section 4.8).

Hepatic impairment

Anastrozole has not been investigated in breast cancer patients with moderate or severe hepatic impairment. Exposure to anastrozole can be increased in subjects with hepatic impairment (see section 5.2); administration of anastrozole in patients with moderate and severe hepatic impairment should be performed with caution (see section 4.2). Treatment should be based on a benefit-risk evaluation for the individual patient.

Renal impairment

Anastrozole has not been investigated in breast cancer patients with severe renal impairment. Exposure to anastrozole is not increased in subjects with severe renal impairment (GRF<30ml/min, see section 5.2); in patients with severe renal impairment, administration of anastrozole should be performed with caution (see section 4.2).

Paediatric population

Anastrozole is not recommended for use in children and adolescents as safety and efficacy have not been established in this group of patients (see section 5.1).

Anastrozole should not be used in boys with growth hormone deficiency in addition to growth hormone treatment. In the pivotal clinical trial, efficacy was not demonstrated and safety was not established (see section 5.1). Since anastrozole reduces estradiol levels, anastrozole must not be used in girls with growth hormone deficiency in addition to growth hormone treatment. Long-term safety data in children and adolescents are not available.

Hypersensitivity to lactose

This product contains lactose. Patients with rare hereditary problems of galactose intolerance, the Lapp lactase deficiency or glucose-galactose malabsorption should not take this medicine.

4.5 Interaction with other medicinal products and other forms of interaction

Anastrozole inhibits CYPs 1A2, 2C8/9 and 3A4 in vitro. Clinical studies with antipyrine and warfarin showed that anastrozole at a 1 mg dose did not significantly inhibit the metabolism of antipyrine and R– and S-warfarin indicating the co-administration of anastrozole with other medicinal products is unlikely to result in clinically significant medicinal product interactions mediated by CYP enzymes.

The enzymes mediating metabolism of anastrozole have not been identified. Cimetidine, a weak, unspecific inhibitor of CYP enzymes, did not affect the plasma concentrations of anastrozole. The effect of potent CYP inhibitors is unknown.

A review of a clinical trial safety database did not reveal evidence of clinically significant interaction in patients treated with anastrozole who also received other commonly prescribed medicinal products. There were no clinically significant interactions with bisphosphonates (see section 5.1).

Co-administration of tamoxifen or estrogen-containing therapies with anastrozole should be avoided as this may diminish its pharmacological action (see section 4.4 and 5.1).

4.6 Pregnancy and lactation

Pregnancy

There are no data from the use of anastrozole in pregnant women. Studies in animals have shown reproductive toxicity (see section 5.3). Anastrozole is contraindicated during pregnancy (see section 4.3).

Breast-feeding

There are no data on the use of anastrozole during lactation. Anastrozole is contraindicated during breast-feeding (see section 4.3).

Fertility

The effects of anastrozole on fertility in humans have not been studied. Studies in animals have shown reproductive toxicity (see section 5.3).

4.7 Effects on ability to drive and use machines

Anastrozole has no or negligable influence on the ability to drive and use machines. However, asthenia and somnolence have been reported with the use of anastrozole and caution should be observed when driving or operating machinery while such symptoms persist.

4.8 Undesirable effects

The following table presents adverse reactions from clinical trials, post-marketing studies or spontaneous reports. Unless specified, the frequency categories were calculated from the number of adverse events reported in a large phase III study conducted in 9366 postmenopausal women with operable breast cancer given adjuvant treatment for five years (the Arimidex, Tamoxifen, Alone or in Combination [ATAC] study).

Adverse reactions listed below are classified according to frequency and System Organ Class (SOC). Frequency groupings are defined according to the following convention: very common (≥ 1/10), common (≥ 1/100 to < 1/10), uncommon (≥ 1/1,000 to < 1/100), rare (≥ 1/10,000 to <1/1,000), and very rare (<1/10,000). The most frequently reported adverse reactions were headache, hot flushes, nausea, rash, arthralgia, joint stiffness, arthritis, and asthenia.

Table 1 Adverse reactions by System Organ Class and frequency

Adverse reactions by SOC and frequency
Metabolism and Nutrition disorders Common Anorexia, Hypercholesterolaemia
Nervous system disorders Very common Headache
Common Somnolence

Carpal Tunnel Syndrome*

Vascular disorders Very common Hot flushes
Gastrointestinal disorders Very common Nausea
Common Diarrhoea

Vomiting

Hepatobiliary disorders Common Increases in alkaline phosphatase, alanine aminotransferase and aspartate aminotransferase
Uncommon Increases in gamma-GT and bilirubin;

Hepatitis

Skin and subcutaneous tissue disorders Very common Rash
Common Hair thinning (Alopecia), Allergic reactions
Uncommon Urticaria
Rare Erythema multiforme

Anaphylactoid reaction

Cutaneous vasculitis (including some reports of Henoch-Schönlein purpura)**

Very rare Stevens-Johnson syndrome

Angioedema

Musculoskeletal and connective tissue disorders Very common Arthralgia/joint stiffness

Arthritis

Osteoporosis

Common Bone pain
Uncommon Trigger finger
Reproductive system and breast disorders Common Vaginal dryness

Vaginal bleeding ***

General disorders and administration site conditions Very common Asthenia

* Events of Carpal Tunnel Syndrome have been reported in patients receiving anastrozole treatment in clinical trials in greater numbers than those receiving treatment with tamoxifen. However, the majority of these events occurred in patients with identifiable risk factors for the development of the condition.

** Since cutaneous vasculitis and Henoch-Schönlein purpura was not observed in ATAC, the frequency category for these events can be considered as ‘Rare’ (≥ 0.01% and < 0.1%) based on the worst value of the point estimate.

*** Vaginal bleeding has been reported commonly, mainly in patients with advanced breast cancer during the first few weeks after changing from existing hormonal therapy to treatment with anastrozole. If bleeding persists, further evaluation should be considered.

The table below presents the frequency of pre-specified adverse events in the ATAC study after a median follow-up of 68 months, irrespective of causality, reported in patients receiving trial therapy and up to 14 days after cessation of trial therapy.

Table 2 ATAC study pre-specified adverse events

Adverse events Anastrozole (N=3092) Tamoxifen (N=3094)
Hot flushes 1104 (35.7%) 1264 (40.9%)
Joint pain/stiffness 1100 (35.6%) 911 (29.4%)
Mood disturbances 597 (19.3%) 554 (17.9%)
Fatigue/asthenia 575 (18.6%) 544 (17.6%)
Nausea and vomiting 393 (12.7%) 384 (12.4%)
Fractures 315 (10.2%) 209 (6.8%)
Fractures of the spine, hip or wrist/Colles 133 (4.3%) 91 (2.9%)
Wrist/Colles fractures 67 (2.2%) 50 (1.6%)
Spine fractures 43 (1.4%) 22 (0.7%)
Hip fractures 28 (0.9%) 26 (0.8%)
Cataracts 182 (5.9%) 213 (6.9%)
Vaginal bleeding 167 (5.4%) 317 (10.2%)
Ischaemic cardiovascular disease 127 (4.1%) 104 (3.4%)
Angina pectoris 71 (2.3%) 51 (1.6%)
Myocardial infarct 37 (1.2%) 34 (1.1%)
Coronary artery disorder 25 (0.8%) 23 (0.7%)
Myocardial ischaemia 22 (0.7%) 14 (0.5%)
Vaginal discharge 109 (3.5%) 408 (13.2%)
Any venous thromboembolic event 87 (2.8%) 140 (4.5%)
Deep venous thromboembolic events including PE (pulmonary embolism) 48 (1.6%) 74 (2.4%)
Ischaemic cerebrovascular events 62 (2.0%) 88 (2.8%)
Endometrial cancer 4 (0.2%) 13 (0.6%)

Fracture rates of 22 per 1000 patient-years and 15 per 1000 patient-years were observed for the anastrozole and tamoxifen groups, respectively, after a median follow-up of 68 months. The observed fracture rate for anastrozole is similar to the range reported in age-matched postmenopausal populations. The incidence of osteoporosis was 10.5% in patients treated with anastrozole and 7.3% in patients treated with tamoxifen.

It has not been determined whether the rates of fracture and osteoporosis seen in ATAC in patients on anastrozole treatment reflect a protective effect of tamoxifen, a specific effect of anastrozole, or both.

Reporting of suspected adverse reactions

Reporting suspected adverse reactions after authorisation of the medicinal product is important. It allows continued monitoring of the benefit/risk balance of the medicinal product.

4.9 Overdose

There is limited clinical experience of accidental overdose. In animal studies, anastrozole demonstrated low acute toxicity.

Clinical trials have been conducted with various dosages of anastrozole, up to 60mg in a single dose given to healthy male volunteers, and up to 10mg daily given to postmenopausal women with advanced breast cancer; these dosages were well tolerated. A single dose of anastrozole that results in life-threatening symptoms has not been established.

There is no specific antidote to overdose and treatment must be symptomatic.

In the management of an overdose, consideration should be given to the possibility that multiple agents may have been taken.

Vomiting may be induced if the patient is alert.

Dialysis may be helpful because anastrozole is not highly protein-bound.

General supportive care, including frequent monitoring of vital signs and close observation of the patient, is indicated.

  1. Pharmacological properties

5.1 Pharmacodynamic properties

Pharmacotherapeutic group: Enzyme inhibitors,

Mechanism of action and pharmacodynamic effects

Anastrozole is a potent and highly selective non-steroidal aromatase inhibitor. In postmenopausal women, estradiol is produced primarily from the conversion of androstenedione to estrone through the aromatase enzyme complex in peripheral tissues. Estrone is subsequently converted to oestradiol. Reducing circulating estradiol levels has been shown to produce a beneficial effect in women with breast cancer.

In postmenopausal women, anastrazole at a daily dose of 1mg produced estradiol suppression of greater than 80% using a highly sensitive assay.

Anastrozole does not possess any progestogenic, androgenic or oestrogenic activity.

Daily doses of anastrozole up to 10mg do not have any effect on cortisol or aldosterone secretion, measured before or after standard adrenocorticotrophic hormone (ACTH) challenge testing. Corticoid supplements are therefore not needed.

Clinical efficacy and safety

Advanced breast cancer

First-line therapy in postmenopausal women with advanced breast cancer

Two double-blind, controlled clinical studies of similar design (Study 1033IL/0030 and Study 1033IL/0027) were conducted to assess the efficacy of anastrozole compared with tamoxifen as first-line therapy for hormone receptor-positive or hormone receptor-unknown locally advanced or metastatic breast cancer in postmenopausal women. A total of 1,021 patients were randomised to receive 1mg of anastrozole once daily or 20 mg of tamoxifen once daily. The primary endpoints for both trials were time to tumour progression, objective tumour response rate, and safety.

For the primary endpoints, Study 1033IL/0030 showed that anastrozole had a statistically significant advantage over tamoxifen for time to tumour progression (Hazard ratio (HR) 1.42, 95% Confidence Interval (CI) [1.11, 1.82], Median time to progression 11.1 and 5.6 months for anastrozole and tamoxifen respectively, p=0.006); objective tumour response rates were similar for anastrozole and tamoxifen. Study 1033IL/0027 showed that anastrozole and tamoxifen had similar objective tumour response rates and time to tumour progression. Results from the secondary endpoints were supportive of the results of the primary efficacy endpoints. There were too few deaths occurring across treatment groups of both trials to draw conclusions on overall survival differences.

Second-line therapy in postmenopausal women with advanced breast cancer

Anastrozole was studied in two controlled clinical trials (Study 0004 and Study 0005) in postmenopausal women with advanced breast cancer who had disease progression following tamoxifen therapy for either advanced or early breast cancer. A total of 764 patients were randomised to receive either a single daily dose of 1mg or 10 mg of anastrozole or megestrol acetate 40 mg four times a day. Time to progression and objective response rates were the primary efficacy variables. The rate of prolonged (more than 24 weeks) stable disease, the rate of progression, and survival were also calculated. In both studies there were no significant differences between treatment arms with respect to any of the efficacy parameters.

Adjuvant treatment of early invasive breast cancer for hormone receptor-positive patients

In a large phase III study conducted in 9,366 postmenopausal women with operable breast cancer treated for 5 years (see below), anastrozole was shown to be statistically superior to tamoxifen in disease-free survival. A greater magnitude of benefit was observed for disease-free survival in favour of anastrozole versus tamoxifen for the prospectively defined hormone receptor-positive population.

Table 3 ATAC endpoint summary: 5-year treatment completion analysis

Efficacy endpoints Number of events (frequency)
Intention to treat population Hormone receptor positive tumour status
Anastrozole (N=3125) Tamoxifen (N=3116) Anastrozole (N=2618) Tamoxifen (N=2598)
Disease-free survivala 575 (18.4) 651 (20.9) 424 (16.2) 497 (19.1)
Hazard ratio 0.87 0.83
2-sided 95% CI 0.78 to 0.97 0.73 to 0.94
p-value 0.0127 0.0049
Distant disease-free survivalb 500 (16.0) 530 (17.0) 370 (14.1) 394 (15.2)
Hazard ratio 0.94 0.93
2-sided 95% CI 0.83 to 1.06 0.80 to 1.07
p-value 0.2850 0.2838
Time to recurrencec 402 (12.9) 498 (16.0) 282 (10.8) 370 (14.2)
Hazard ratio 0.79 0.74
2-sided 95% CI 0.70 to 0.90 0.64 to 0.87
p-value 0.0005 0.0002
Time to distant recurrenced 324 (10.4) 375 (12.0) 226 (8.6) 265 (10.2)
Hazard ratio 0.86 0.84
2-sided 95% CI 0.74 to 0.99 0.70 to 1.00
p-value 0.0427 0.0559
Contralateral breast primary 35 (1.1) 59 (1.9) 26 (1.0) 54 (2.1)
Odds ratio 0.59 0.47
2-sided 95% CI 0.39 to 0.89 0.30 to 0.76
p-value 0.0131 0.0018
Overall survivale 411 (13.2) 420 (13.5) 296 (11.3) 301 (11.6)
Hazard ratio 0.97 0.97
2-sided 95% CI 0.85 to 1.12 0.83 to 1.14
p-value 0.7142 0.7339

a Disease-free survival includes all recurrence events and is defined as the first occurrence of loco-regional recurrence, contralateral new breast cancer, distant recurrence or death (for any reason).

b Distant disease-free survival is defined as the first occurrence of distant recurrence or death (for any reason).

c Time to recurrence is defined as the first occurrence of loco-regional recurrence, contralateral new breast cancer, distant recurrence or death due to breast cancer.

d Time to distant recurrence is defined as the first occurrence of distant recurrence or death due to breast cancer.

e Number (%) of patients who had died.

The combination of anastrozole and tamoxifen did not demonstrate any efficacy benefits in comparison with tamoxifen in all patients as well as in the hormone receptor-positive population. This treatment arm was discontinued from the study.

With an updated follow-up at a median of 10 years, long term comparison of the treatment effects of anastrozole relative to tamoxifen were shown to be consistent with previous analyses.

Adjuvant treatment of early invasive breast cancer for hormone receptor-positive patients being treated with adjuvant tamoxifen

In a phase III trial (Austrian Breast and Colorectal Cancer Study Group [ABCSG] 8) conducted in 2,579 postmenopausal women with hormone receptor-positive early breast cancer who had received surgery with or without radiotherapy and no chemotherapy (see below), switching to anastrozole after 2 years adjuvant treatment with tamoxifen was statistically superior in disease-free survival when compared to remaining on tamoxifen, after a median follow-up of 24 months.

Table 4 ABCSG 8 trial endpoint and results summary

Efficacy endpoints Number of events (frequency)
Anastrozole (N=1297) Tamoxifen (N=1282)
Disease-free survival 65 (5.0) 93 (7.3)
Hazard ratio 0.67
2-sided 95% CI 0.49 to 0.92
p-value 0.014
Time to any recurrence 36 (2.8) 66 (5.1)
Hazard ratio 0.53
2-sided 95% CI 0.35 to 0.79
p-value 0.002
Time to distant recurrence 22 (1.7) 41 (3.2)
Hazard ratio 0.52
2-sided 95% CI 0.31 to 0.88
p-value 0.015
New contralateral breast cancer 7 (0.5) 15 (1.2)
Odds ratio 0.46
2-sided 95% CI 0.19 to 1.13
p-value 0.090
Overall survival 43(3.3) 45 (3.5)
Hazard ratio 0.96
2-sided 95% CI 0.63 to 1.46
p-value 0.840

Two further similar trials (GABG/ARNO 95 and ITA), in one of which patients had received surgery and chemotherapy, as well as a combined analysis of ABCSG 8 and GABG/ARNO 95, supported these results.

The anastrozole safety profile in these 3 studies was consistent with the known safety profile established in postmenopausal women with hormone receptor positive early breast cancer.

Bone mineral density (BMD)

In the phase III/IV study (Study of Anastrozole with the Bisphosphonate Risedronate [SABRE]), 234 postmenopausal women with hormone receptor-positive early breast cancer scheduled for treatment with anastrozole 1mg/day were stratified to low, moderate and high risk groups according to their existing risk of fragility fracture. The primary efficacy parameter was the analysis of lumbar spine bone mass density using DEXA scanning. All patients received treatment with vitamin D and calcium. Patients in the low risk group received anastrozole alone (N=42), those in the moderate group were randomised to anastrozole plus risedronate 35 mg once a week (N=77) or anastrozole plus placebo (N=77) and those in the high risk group received anastrozole plus risedronate 35 mg once a week (N=38). The primary endpoint was change from baseline in lumbar spine bone mass density at 12 months.

The 12-month main analysis has shown that patients already at moderate to high risk of fragility fracture showed no decrease in their bone mass density (assessed by lumbar spine bone mineral density using DEXA scanning) when managed by using anastrozole 1mg/day in combination with risedronate 35 mg once a week.

In addition, a decrease in BMD which was not statistically significant was seen in the low risk group treated with anastrozole 1mg/day alone. These findings were mirrored in the secondary efficacy variable of change from baseline in total hip BMD at 12 months.

This study provides evidence that the use of bisphosphonates could be considered in the management of possible bone mineral loss in postmenopausal women with early breast cancer scheduled to be treated with anastrozole.

Paediatric population

Anastrozole is not indicated for use in children and adolescents. Efficacy has not been established in the paediatric populations studied (see below). The number of children treated was too limited to draw any reliable conclusions on safety. No data on the potential long-term effects of anastrozole treatment in children and adolecents are available (see also section 5.3).

The European Medicines Agency has waived the obligation to submit the results of studies with anastrozole in one or several subsets of the paediatric population in short stature due to growth hormone deficiency (GHD), testotoxicosis, gynaecomastia, and McCune-Albright syndrome (see section 4.2).

Short stature due to Growth Hormone Deficiency

A randomised, double-blind, multi-centre study evaluated 52 pubertal boys (aged 11-16 years inclusive) with GHD treated for 12 to 36 months with anastrozole 1mg/day or placebo in combination with growth hormone. Only 14 subjects on anastrozole completed 36 months.

No statistically significant difference from placebo was observed for the growth related parameters of predicted adult height, height, height SDS (standard deviation score), and height velocity. Final height data were not available. While the number of children treated was too limited to draw any reliable conclusions on safety, there was an increased fracture rate and a trend towards reduced bone mineral density in the anastrozole arm compared to placebo.

Testotoxicosis

An open-label, non-comparative, multi-centre study evaluated 14 male patients (aged 2 to 9 years) with familial male-limited precocious puberty, also known as testotoxicosis, treated with combination of anastrozole and bicalutamide. The primary objective was to assess the efficacy and safety of this combination regimen over 12 months. Thirteen out of the 14 patients enrolled completed 12 months of combination treatment (one patient was lost to follow-up). There was no significant difference in growth rate after 12 months of treatment, relative to the growth rate during the 6 months prior to entering the study.

Gynaecomastia studies

Trial 0006 was a randomised, double-blind, multi-centre study of 82 pubertal boys (aged 11-18 years inclusive) with gynaecomastia of greater than 12 months duration treated with anastrozole 1mg/day or placebo daily for up to 6 months. No significant difference in the number of patients who had a 50% or greater reduction in total breast volume after 6 months of treatment was observed between the anastrozole 1mg treated group and the placebo group.

Trial 0001 was an open-label, multiple-dose pharmacokinetic study of anastrozole 1mg/day in 36 pubertal boys with gynaecomastia of less than 12 months duration. The secondary objectives were to evaluate the proportion of patients with reductions from baseline in the calculated volume of gynaecomastia of both breasts combined of at least 50% between day 1 and after 6 months of study treatment, and patient tolerability and safety. A decrease in 50% or more of total breast volume was seen in 56% (20/36) of the boys after 6 months.

McCune-Albright Syndrome study

Trial 0046 was an international, multi-centre, open-label exploratory trial of anastrozole in 28 girls (aged 2 to ≤ 10 years) with McCune-Albright Syndrome (MAS). The primary objective was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of anastrozole 1mg/day in patients with MAS. The efficacy of study treatment was based on the proportion of patients fulfilling defined criteria relating to vaginal bleeding, bone age, and growth velocity.

No statistically significant change in the frequency of vaginal bleeding days on treatment was observed. There were no clinically significant changes in Tanner staging, mean ovarian volume, or mean uterine volume. No statistically significant change in the rate of increase in bone age on treatment compared to the rate during baseline was observed. Growth rate (in cm/year) was significantly reduced (p<0.05) from pre- treatment through month 0 to month 12, and from pre-treatment to the second 6 months (month 7 to month 12).

5.2 Pharmacokinetic properties

Absorption of anastrozole is rapid and maximum plasma concentrations typically occur within two hours of dosing (under fasted conditions).

Food slightly decreases the rate but not the extent of absorption. The small change in the rate of absorption is not expected to result in a clinically significant effect on steady-state plasma concentrations during once daily dosing of Anastrozole 1mg Tablets. Approximately 90 to 95% of plasma anastrozole steady-state concentrations are attained after 7 daily doses, and accumulation is 3- to 4- fold. There is no evidence of time or dose-dependency of anastrozole pharmacokinetic parameters.

Anastrozole pharmacokinetics are independent of age in postmenopausal women.

Anastrozole is only 40% bound to plasma proteins.

Anastrozole is eliminated slowly with a plasma elimination half-life of 40 to 50 hours. Anastrozole is extensively metabolised by postmenopausal women with less than 10% of the dose excreted in the urine unchanged within 72 hours of dosing. Metabolism of anastrozole occurs by N-dealkylation, hydroxylation and glucuronidation. The metabolites are excreted primarily via the urine. Triazole, the major metabolite in plasma, does not inhibit aromatase.

Renal or hepatic impairment

The apparent clearance (CL/F) of anastrozole, following oral administration, was approximately 30% lower in volunteers with stable hepatic cirrhosis than in matched controls (Study 1033IL/0014). However, plasma anastrozole concentrations in the volunteers with hepatic cirrhosis were within the range of concentrations seen in normal subjects in other trials. Plasma anastrozole concentrations observed during long-term efficacy trials in patients with hepatic impairment were within the range of plasma anastrozole concentrations seen in patients without hepatic impairment.

The apparent clearance (CL/F) of anastrozole, following oral administration, was not altered in volunteers with severe renal impairment (GFR <30ml/min) in Study 1033IL/0018, consistent with the fact that anastrozole is eliminated primarily by metabolism. Plasma anastrozole concentrations observed during long- term efficacy trials in patients with renal impairment were within the range of plasma anastrozole concentrations seen in patients without renal impairment. In patients with severe renal impairment, administration of anastrozole should be performed with caution (see section 4.2 and 4.4).

Paediatric population

In boys with pubertal gynaecomastia (10-17 years), anastrozole was rapidly absorbed, was widely distributed, and was eliminated slowly with a half-life of approximately 2 days. Clearance of anastrozole was lower in girls (3-10 years) than in the older boys and exposure higher. Anastrozole in girls was widely distributed and slowly eliminated.

5.3 Preclinical safety data

Non-clinical data reveal no special hazard for humans based on conventional studies of safety pharmacology, repeated dose toxicity, genotoxicity, carcinogenic potential, toxicity to reproduction for the indicated population.

Acute toxicity

In animal studies toxicity was only seen at high doses. In acute toxicity studies in rodents, the median lethal dose of anastrozole was greater than 100 mg/kg/day by the oral route and greater than 50 mg/kg/day by the intraperitoneal route. In an oral acute toxicity study in the dog, the median lethal dose was greater than 45 mg/kg/day.

Chronic toxicity

In animal studies adverse effects were only seen at high doses. Multiple dose toxicity studies utilized rats and dogs. No no-effect levels were established for anastrozole in the toxicity studies, but those effects that were observed at the low doses (1 mg/kg/day) and mid doses (dog 3 mg/kg/day; rat 5 mg/kg/day) were related to either the pharmacological or enzyme inducing properties of anastrozole and were unaccompanied by significant toxic or degenerative changes.

Mutagenicity

Genetic toxicology studies with anastrozole show that it is not a mutagen or a clastogen.

Reproductive toxicology

In a fertility study weanling male rats were dosed orally with 50 or 400 mg/l anastrozole via their drinking water for 10 weeks. Measured mean plasma concentrations were 44.4 (±14.7) ng/ml and 165 (±90) ng/ml respectively. Mating indices were adversely affected in both dose groups, whilst a reduction in fertility was evident only at the 400 mg/l dose level. The reduction was transient as all mating and fertility parameters were similar to control group values following a 9 week treatment-free recovery period.

Oral administration of anastrozole to female rats produced a high incidence of infertility at 1 mg/kg/day and increased pre-implantation loss at 0.02 mg/kg/day. These effects occurred at clinically relevant doses. An effect in man cannot be excluded. These effects were related to the pharmacology of the compound and were completely reversed after a 5-week compound withdrawal period.

Oral administration of anastrozole to pregnant rats and rabbits caused no teratogenic effects at doses up to 1.0 and 0.2 mg/kg/day respectively. Those effects that were seen (placental enlargement in rats and pregnancy failure in rabbits) were related to the pharmacology of the compound.

The survival of litters born to rats given anastrozole at 0.02 mg/kg/day and above (from Day 17 of pregnancy to Day 22 post-partum) was compromised. These effects were related to the pharmacological effects of the compound on parturition. There were no adverse effects on behaviour or reproductive performance of the first generation offspring attributable to maternal treatment with anastrozole.

Carcinogenicity

A two-year rat oncogenicity study resulted in an increase in incidence of hepatic neoplasms and uterine stromal polyps in females and thyroid adenomas in males at the high dose (25mg/kg/day) only. These changes occurred at a dose which represents 100-fold greater exposure than occurs at human therapeutic doses, and are considered not to be clinically relevant to the treatment of patients with anastrozole.

A two year mouse oncogenicity study resulted in the induction of benign ovarian tumours and a disturbance in the incidence of lymphoreticular neoplasms (fewer histiocytic sarcomas in females and more deaths as a result of lymphomas). These changes are considered to be mouse-specific effects of aromatase inhibition and not clinically relevant to the treatment of patients with anastrozole.

  1. Pharmaceutical particulars

6.1 List of excipients

Tablet core: Lactose monohydrate, Sodium starch glycolate, Povidone, Magnesium stearate.

Film-coating: Macrogol, Hypromellose, Titanium dioxide.

6.2 Incompatibilities

Not applicable.

6.3 Shelf life

3 years.

6.4 Special precautions for storage

This medicinal product does not require any special storage conditions.

6.5 Nature and contents of container

Packed in plastic boxes.

30 tablets per pack.

6.6 Special precautions for disposal and other handling

No special requirements.

7.Manufactured in India by:
Taj Pharmaceuticals Ltd.
at:Survey No.188/1 to, 190/1 to 4,
Athiyawad, Dabhel, Daman 396210
(India).

Anastrozole Tablets 1mg Taj Pharma

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  • Keep this leaflet. You may need to read it again.
  • If you have any further questions, ask your doctor or pharmacist.
  • This medicine has been prescribed for you only. Do not pass it on to others. It may harm them, even if their signs of illness are the same as yours.
  • If you get any side effects, talk to your doctor or pharmacist. This includes any possible side effects not listed in this leaflet. See section 4.
  • The full name of the product is Anastrozole 1mg Film-coated Tablets but within the leaflet it will be referred to as Anastrozole tablets.

What is in this leaflet:

1 What Anastrozole tablets are and what they are used for
2 What you need to know before you take
3 How to take
4 Possible side effects
5 How to store
6 Contents of the pack and other information

1 What Anastrozole tablets are and what they are used for

Anastrozole tablets contain a substance called anastrozole. This belongs to a group of medicines called ‘aromatase inhibitors’. Anastrozole tablets are used to treat breast cancer in women who have gone through the menopause.

Anastrozole tablets work by cutting down the amount of the hormone called estrogen that your body makes. It does this by blocking a natural substance (an enzyme) in your body called ‘aromatase’.

2 What you need to know before you take

Do not take Anastrozole tablets if you

  • are allergic to anastrozole or any of the other ingredients of this medicine (listed in section section 6 ).
  • are pregnant or breast feeding (see the section called ‘Pregnancy and breast-feeding’).

Do not take Anastrozole tablets if any of the above apply to you. If you are not sure, talk to your doctor or pharmacist before taking Anastrozole tablets.

Warnings and precautions

Talk to your doctor or pharmacist before taking Anastrozole tablets:

  • if you still have menstrual periods and have not yet gone through the menopause.
  • if you are taking a medicine that contains tamoxifen or medicines that contain estrogen (see the section called ‘Other medicines and Anastrozole tablets ’).
  • if you have ever had a condition that affects the strength of your bones (osteoporosis).
  • if you have problems with your liver or kidneys.

If you are not sure if any of the above applies to you, talk to your doctor or pharmacist before taking Anastrozole tablets.

If you go into the hospital, let the medical staff know you are taking Anastrozole tablets.

Other medicines and Anastrozole tablets

Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are taking, have recently taken or might take any other medicines.

This includes medicines that you buy without a prescription and herbal medicines. This is because Anastrozole tablets can affect the way some medicines work and some medicines can have an effect on Anastrozole tablets.

Do not take Anastrozole tablets if you are already taking any of the following medicines:

  • Certain medicines used to treat breast cancer (selective estrogen receptor modulators), e.g., medicines that contain tamoxifen. This is because these medicines may stop Anastrozole tablets from working properly.
  • Medicines that contain estrogen, such as hormone replacement therapy (HRT).
    If this applies to you, ask your doctor or pharmacist for advice.

Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are taking the following:

  • A medicine known as an ‘LHRH analogue’. This includes gonadorelin, buserelin, goserelin, leuprorelin and triptorelin. These medicines are used to treat breast cancer, certain female health (gynaecological) conditions, and infertility.

Pregnancy and breast-feeding

Do not take Anastrozole tablets if you are pregnant or breast-feeding. Stop taking Anastrozole tablets if you become pregnant and talk to your doctor.

Ask your doctor or pharmacist for advice before taking any medicine.

Driving and using machines

Anastrozole tablets are not likely to affect your ability to drive or use any tools or machines. However, some people may occasionally feel weak or sleepy while taking Anastrozole tablets. If this happens to you, ask your doctor or pharmacist for advice.

Anastrozole tablets contain lactose

If you have been told by your doctor that you have an intolerance to some sugars, contact your doctor before taking this medicine.

3 How to take

Always take this medicine exactly as your doctor has told you. Check with your doctor or pharmacist if you are not sure.

  • The recommended dose is one tablet (1mg anastrozole) once a day.
  • Try to take your tablet at the same time each day.
  • Swallow the tablet whole with a drink of water.
  • It does not matter if you take Anastrozole tablets before, with or after food.

Keep taking Anastrozole tablets for as long as your doctor tells you to.

It is a long-term treatment and you may need to take it for several years.

Use in children and adolescents

Anastrozole tablets should not be given to children and adolescents.

If you take more Anastrozole tablets than you should

If you take more Anastrozole tablets than you should, talk to a doctor straight away.

If you forget to take Anastrozole tablets

If you forget to take a dose, just take your next dose as normal. Do not take a double dose (two doses at the same time) to make up for a forgotten dose.

If you stop taking Anastrozole tablets

Do not stop taking your tablets, unless your doctor tells you to.

If you have any further questions on the use of this medicine, ask your doctor or pharmacist.

4 Possible side effects

Like all medicines, this medicine can cause side effects, although not everybody gets them.

Serious side effects:

If you get any of the following serious side effects, call an ambulance or see a doctor straight away – you may need urgent medical treatment.

  • An extremely severe skin reaction with ulcers or blisters on the skin. This is known as ‘Stevens-Johnson syndrome’. Very rare (may affect less than 1 person in 10,000 people);
  • Allergic (hypersensitivity) reactions with swelling of the throat that may cause difficulty in swallowing or breathing. This is known as ‘angioedema’. Very rare (may affect less than 1 person in 10,000 people);

Other side effects:

Very common side effects (may affect more than 1 in 10 people):

  • Headache
  • Hot flushes
  • Feeling sick (nausea)
  • Skin rash
  • Pain or stiffnessin your joints
  • Inflammation of the joints (arthritis)
  • Feeling weak
  • Bone loss (osteoporosis)

Common side effects (may affect 1 to 10 people in 100):

  • Loss of appetite
  • Raised or high levels of a fatty substance known as cholesterol in your blood. This would be seen in a blood test
  • Feeling sleepy
  • Carpal Tunnel syndrome (tingling, pain, coldness, weakness in parts of the hand)
  • Diarrhoea
  • Being sick (vomiting)
  • Changes in blood tests that show how well your liver is working
  • Thinning of your hair (hair loss)
  • Allergic (hypersensitivity) reactions including face, lips, or tongue
  • Bone pain
  • Vaginal dryness
  • Bleeding from the vagina (usually in the first few weeks of treatment – if the bleeding continues, talk to your doctor)

Uncommon side effects (may affects 1 to 10 people in 1,000):

  • Changes in special blood tests that show how your liver is working (gamma- GT and bilirubin)
  • Inflammation of the liver (hepatitis)
  • Hives or nettle rash
  • Trigger finger (a condition in which your finger or thumb catches in a bent position)

Rare side effects (may affect 1 to 10 people in 10,000):

  • Rare inflammation of your skin that may include red patches or blisters
  • Skin rash caused by hypersensitivity (this can be from allergic or anaphylactoid reaction)
  • Inflammation of the small blood vessels causing red or purple colouring of the skin. Very rarely symptoms of joint, stomach, and kidney pain may occur; this is known as ‘Henoch-Schönlein purpura’

Effects on your bones Anastrozole lowers the amount of the hormone called estrogen that is in your body. This may lower the mineral content of your bones. Your bones may be less strong and may be more likely to fracture. Your doctor will manage these risks according to treatment guidelines for managing bone health in women who have gone through the menopause. You should talk to your doctor about the risks and treatment options.

Reporting of side effects

If you get any side effects, talk to your doctor, pharmacist or nurse. This includes any possible side effects not listed in this leaflet.

5 How to store

Keep this medicine out of sight and reach of children. Keep your tablets in a safe place where children cannot see or reach them. Your tablets could harm them.

This medicinal product does not require any special storage conditions.

Do not use this medicine after the expiry date which is stated on the carton and blister after ‘EXP’. The first two digits indicate the month and the last four digits indicate the year. The expiry date refers to the last day of that month.

Do not throw away any medicines via wastewater or household waste. Ask your pharmacist how to throw away medicines you no longer use. These measures will help protect the environment.

6 Content of the pack and other information

What Anastrozole tablets contain

  • The active substance is anastrozole. Each film-coated tablet contains 1mg of anastrozole.
  • The other ingredients in the tablet core are lactose monohydrate, sodium starch glycolate, povidone  and magnesium stearate.
  • The ingredients in the tablet coating are macrogol, hypromellose  and titanium dioxide.

What Anastrozole tablets look like and contents of the pack

Packed in plastic boxes.

30 tablets per pack.

 7.Manufactured in India by:
Taj Pharmaceuticals Ltd.
at:Survey No.188/1 to, 190/1 to 4,
Athiyawad, Dabhel, Daman 396210
(India).

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Taj Generics (Taj Pharma) provides a wide range of products to the Indian market, including an extensive range of generics and specialty products; Our products cover a vast array of therapeutic categories, and we offer an extensive range of dosage forms and delivery systems including oral solids, controlled-release, steriles, injectables, topicals, liquids, transdermals, semi-solids and high-potency products. Our Generics portfolio offers over 1500 products in the major therapeutic areas of gastro-intestinal, cardiovascular, pain management, oncology, anti-infectives, paediatrics and dermatology.