- Name of the medicinal product
Acyclovir for injection USP 250mg/10ml Taj Pharma
Acyclovir for injection USP 500mg/10ml Taj Pharma
Acyclovir for injection USP 1000mg/20ml Taj Pharma
- Qualitative and quantitative composition
a)Acyclovir for injection USP 250mg/10ml Taj Pharma
Each ml contains:
Acyclovir Sodium equivalent to
b)Acyclovir for injection USP 500mg/10ml
Each ml contains:
Acyclovir Sodium equivalent to
c)Aciclovir for injection USP 1000mg/20ml
Each ml contains:
Aciclovir Sodium equivalent to
For the full list of excipients, see section 6.1.
- Pharmaceutical form
Concentrate for solution for infusion (sterile concentrate).
A clear, colourless or almost colourless solution.
- Clinical particulars
4.1 Therapeutic indications
Aciclovir 25mg/ml Concentrate for Solution for Infusion is indicated for the treatment of severe initial genital herpes in the immunocompromised and the non-immunocompromised.
Aciclovir 25mg/ml Concentrate for Solution for Infusion is indicated for the prophylaxis and treatment of Herpes simplex infections in immunocompromised patients.
Aciclovir 25mg/ml Concentrate for Solution for Infusion is indicated for the treatment of Varicella zoster infections.
Aciclovir 25mg/ml Concentrate for Solution for Infusion is indicated for the treatment of herpes encephalitis.
Aciclovir 25mg/ml Concentrate for Solution for Infusion is indicated for the treatment of Herpes simplex infections in the neonate and infant up to 3 months of age.
4.2 Posology and method of administration
A course of treatment with Aciclovir 25 mg/ml Concentrate for Solution for Infusion usually lasts 5 days, but the duration of treatment may be adjusted according to the patient’s condition and response to therapy. Treatment for herpes encephalitis usually lasts 10 days. Treatment for neonatal herpes infections usually lasts for 14 days for mucocutaneous (skin-eye-mouth) infections and 21 days for disseminated or central nervous system disease.
The duration of prophylactic administration of Aciclovir 25 mg/ml Concentrate for Solution for Infusion is determined by the duration of the period of risk.
Dosage in adults:
Patients with Herpes simplex (except herpes encephalitis) or Varicella zoster infections (with normal immune response) should be given Aciclovir 25 mg/ml Concentrate for Solution for Infusion in doses of 5 mg/kg body weight every 8 hours provided renal function is not impaired (see Dosage in renal impairment).
Immunocompromised patients with Varicella zoster infections or patients with herpes encephalitis should be given Aciclovir 25 mg/ml Concentrate for Solution for Infusion in doses of 10 mg/kg body weight every 8 hours provided renal function is not impaired (see Dosage in renal impairment).
In obese patients dosed with intravenous aciclovir based on their actual body weight, higher plasma concentrations may be obtained (see section 5.2). Consideration should therefore be given to dosage reduction in obese patients and especially in those with renal impairment or the elderly.
Dosage in children:
Neonates and infants up to 3 months of age:
The dosage of Aciclovir 25 mg/ml Concentrate for Solution for Infusion in neonates and infants up to 3 months of age is calculated on the basis of body weight.
The recommended regimen of Aciclovir 25mg/ml Concentrate for Solution for Infusion for known or suspected neonatal herpes infections is 20 mg/kg body weight every 8 hours for 21 days for disseminated and CNS disease, or for 14 days for disease limited to the skin and mucous membranes.
Children aged between 3 months and 12 years:
The dose of Aciclovir 25 mg/ml Concentrate for Solution for Infusion for children aged between 3 months and 12 years is calculated on the basis of body surface area.
Children with Herpes simplex (except herpes encephalitis) or Varicella zoster infections (with normal immune response) should be given Aciclovir 25 mg/ml Concentrate for Solution for Infusion in doses of 250 mg/m2 of body surface area every 8 hours if renal function is not impaired.
In immunocompromised children with Varicella zoster infections or children with herpes encephalitis, Aciclovir 25 mg/ml Concentrate for Solution for Infusion should be given in doses of 500 mg/m2 body surface area every 8 hours if renal function is not impaired.
Infants and children with impaired renal function:
Infants and children with impaired renal function require an appropriately modified dose, according to the degree of impairment (see Dosage in renal impairment).
Dosage in the elderly:
The possibility of renal impairment in the elderly must be considered and dosage should be adjusted accordingly (see Dosage in renal impairment). Adequate hydration should be maintained.
Dosage in renal impairment:
Caution is advised when administering Aciclovir 25 mg/ml Concentrate for Solution for Infusion to patients with impaired renal function since the drug is excreted through the kidneys. Adequate hydration should be maintained.
Dosage adjustment for patients with renal impairment is based on creatinine clearance, in units of ml/min for adults and adolescents and in units of ml/min/1.73m2 for infants and children less than 13 years of age. The following adjustments in dosage are suggested:
Dosage adjustments in adults and adolescents:
|25 to 50 ml/min||The dose recommended above (5 or 10 mg/kg body weight) should be given every 12 hours.|
|10 to 25 ml/min||The dose recommended above (5 or 10 mg/kg body weight) should be given every 24 hours.|
|0 (anuric) to 10 ml/min||In patients receiving continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) the dose recommended above (5 or 10 mg/kg body weight) should be halved and administered every 24 hours.|
In patients receiving haemodialysis the dose recommended above (5 or 10 mg/kg body weight) should be halved and administered every 24 hours and after dialysis.
Dosage adjustment in infants and children less than 13 years of age:
|25 to 50 ml/min/1.73 m2||The dose recommended above (250 or 500 mg/m2 body surface area or 20 mg/kg body weight) should be given every 12 hours.|
|10 to 25 ml/min/1.73 m2||The dose recommended above (250 or 500 mg/m2 body surface area or 20 mg/kg body weight) should be given every 24 hours.|
|0 (anuric) to 10 ml/min/1.73 m2||In patients receiving continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) the dose recommended above (250 or 500 mg/m2 body surface area or 20 mg/kg body weight) should be halved and administered every 24 hours.|
In patients receiving haemodialysis the dose recommended above (250 or 500 mg/m2 body surface area or 20 mg/kg body weight) should be halved and administered every 24 hours and after dialysis.
Method of administration
The required dose of Aciclovir 25 mg/ml Concentrate for Solution for Infusion should be administered by slow intravenous infusion over a one-hour period and adequate hydration should be established.
Aciclovir 25 mg/ml Concentrate for Solution for Infusion may be administered by a controlled-rate infusion pump.
Refer to section 6.6 for instructions on use, preparation and handling.
Aciclovir 25 mg/ml Concentrate for Solution for Infusion is contraindicated in patients known to be previously hypersensitive to aciclovir and valaciclovir or to any of the excipients listed in section 6.1.
4.4 Special warnings and precautions for use
Solutions of aciclovir are alkaline (pH of approximately 11) and intended for intravenous infusion only and should not be used by any other route.
Contact with eyes or unprotected skin should be avoided.
Although the aqueous solubility of aciclovir exceeds 100 mg/ml, precipitation of aciclovir crystals in renal tubules and the consequent renal tubular damage can occur if the maximum solubility of free aciclovir (2.5 mg/ml at 37°C in water) is exceeded. Infusions of aciclovir must be given over a period of at least one hour in order to avoid renal tubular damage. Rapid or bolus injection should be avoided. Aciclovir infusions must be accompanied by adequate hydration. Since maximum urine concentration occurs within the first few hours following infusion particular attention should be given to establish sufficient urine flow during that period. Concomitant use of other nephrotoxic drugs, pre-existing renal disease and dehydration increase the risk of further renal impairment by aciclovir.
Use in patients with renal impairment and in elderly patients:
Aciclovir is eliminated by renal clearance, and therefore the dose of Aciclovir 25 mg/ml Concentrate for Solution for Infusion must be adjusted in patients with impaired renal function in order to avoid accumulation of aciclovir in the body (see section 4.2, Dosage in renal impairment). Elderly patients are likely to have reduced renal function and therefore the need for dose adjustment must be considered in this group of patients. In patients receiving Aciclovir 25 mg/ml Concentrate for Solution for Infusion at higher doses (e.g. for herpes encephalitis), specific care regarding renal function should be taken, particularly when patients are dehydrated or have any renal impairment.
Aciclovir should be used with caution in patients with underlying neurological abnormalities. Both elderly patients and patients with renal impairment are at increased risk of developing neurological side effects and should be closely monitored for evidence of these effects. In the reported cases, these reactions were generally reversible on discontinuation of treatment (see section 4.8, Undesirable effects).
Prolonged or repeated courses of aciclovir in severely immunocompromised individuals may result in the selection of virus strains with reduced sensitivity, which may not respond to continued aciclovir treatment (see section 5.1).
Excipients in the formulation
This medicinal product contains 2.67 mg/ml (0.116 mmol/ml) sodium. To be taken into consideration by patients on a controlled sodium diet.
Other warnings and precautions:
The labels shall contain the following statements:
For intravenous infusion only
Keep out of the sight and reach of children
Store below 25°C
Prepare immediately prior to use
Discard unused solution
4.5 Interaction with other medicinal products and other forms of interaction
Aciclovir is mainly excreted renally as unchanged drug by active tubular secretion. Concomitantly administered agents, also eliminated via this pathway, may increase the plasma concentration of aciclovir. Probenecid and cimetidine, increase the area under the plasma concentration-time curve (AUC) of aciclovir by this mechanism and decrease its renal clearance. However, in these cases an adjustment of the aciclovir dosage is not thought to be necessary given the large therapeutic range of aciclovir.
In patients receiving intravenous aciclovir caution is required during concurrent administration with drugs which compete with aciclovir for elimination, because of the potential for increased plasma levels of one or both drugs or their metabolites. Increases in plasma AUCs of aciclovir and of the inactive metabolite of mycophenolate mofetil, an immunosuppressant agent used in transplant patients, have been shown when the drugs are coadministered.
If lithium is administered concurrently with high dose intravenous aciclovir, the lithium serum concentration should be closely monitored because of the risk of lithium toxicity and a reduced lithium dose may be needed.
When aciclovir is administered concomitantly with theophylline, close monitoring of theophylline concentrations and possible theophylline dose reduction is recommended. A study has shown that when theophylline was given as single 320 mg doses before and with the sixth dose of aciclovir 800 mg five times daily for 2 days, the AUC of the theophylline was increased by 45% (from 189.9 to 274.9 micrograms.h/ml) and the total body clearance was reduced by 30%.
Care is also required (with monitoring changes in renal function) if administering Aciclovir 25 mg/ml Concentrate for Solution for Infusion with drugs that affect other aspects or renal physiology (e,g, ciclosporin, tacrolimus) as they may influence the nephrotoxic effect of aciclovir.
4.6 Fertility, pregnancy and lactation
Limited data are available on the use of aciclovir during pregnancy. A post-marketing aciclovir pregnancy registry has documented pregnancy outcomes in women exposed to any formulation of aciclovir. The registry findings have not shown an increase in the number of birth defects amongst aciclovir exposed subjects compared with the general population, and any birth defects showed no uniqueness or consistent pattern to suggest a common cause. Systemic administration of aciclovir in internationally accepted standard tests did not produce embryotoxic or teratogenic effects in rabbits, rats or mice. In a non-standard test in rats, foetal abnormalities were observed but only following such high subcutaneous doses that maternal toxicity was produced. The clinical relevance of these findings is uncertain.
Caution should therefore be exercised by balancing the potential benefits of treatment against any possible hazard. Findings from reproduction toxicology studies are included in section 5.3.
Following oral administration of 200 mg five times a day, aciclovir has been detected in human breast milk at concentrations ranging from 0.6 to 4.1 times the corresponding plasma levels. These levels would potentially expose nursing infants to aciclovir dosages of up to 0.3 mg/kg body weight/day. Caution is therefore advised if aciclovir is to be administered to a nursing woman.
There is no information on the effect of aciclovir on human female fertility.
In a study of 20 male patients with normal sperm count, oral aciclovir administered at doses of up to 1 g per day for up to six months has been shown to have no clinically significant effect on sperm count, motility or morphology.
4.7 Effects on ability to drive and use machines
There have been no studies to investigate the effect of Aciclovir 25 mg/ml Concentrate for Solution for Infusion on driving performance or the ability to operate machinery. Furthermore, a detrimental effect on such activities cannot be predicted from the pharmacology of the drug.
Nevertheless, the clinical status of the patient and the adverse event profile of Aciclovir Concentrate for Solution for Infusion should be borne in mind when considering the patient’s ability to drive or operate machinery.
4.8 Undesirable effects
The following convention has been used for the classification of undesirable effects in terms of frequency:− Very common ≥1/10, common ≥1/100 and < 1/10, uncommon ≥1/1,000 and < 1/100, rare ≥1/10,000 and < 1/1,000, very rare < 1/10,000. Not known (cannot be estimated from available data)
|MedDRA System Organ Classes||Very common|
1/100 and < 1/10
≥1/1,000 and < 1/100
|Blood and lymphatic system disorders||decreases in haematological indices (anaemia, thrombocytopenia, leukopenia||neutropenia|
|Immune system disorders||anaphylaxis|
|Psychiatric and nervous system disorder||headache, dizziness, agitation, confusion, tremor, ataxia, dysarthria, hallucinations, psychotic symptoms, convulsions, somnolence, encephalopathy, coma. The above events are generally reversible and usually reported in patients with renal impairment or with other predisposing factors (see 4.4 Special Warnings and Precautions for Use).|
|Respiratory, thoracic and mediastinal disorders||dyspnoea|
|Gastrointestinal disorders||nausea, vomiting||diarrhoea, abdominal pain|
|Hepatobiliary disorders||reversible increases in liver-related enzymes||reversible increases in bilirubin, jaundice, hepatitis|
|Skin and subcutaneous tissue disorders||Pruritus, urticaria, rashes (including photosensitivity)||angioedema|
|Renal and urinary disorders||increases in blood urea and creatinine*||renal impairment, acute renal failure+ and renal pain, which may be associated with crystalluria|
|General disorders and administration site conditions||fatigue, fever, local inflammatory reactions. Severe local inflammatory reactions sometimes leading to breakdown of the skin have occurred when Aciclovir has been inadvertently infused into extracellular tissues.|
*Rapid increases in blood urea and creatinine levels are believed to be related to the peak plasma levels and the state of hydration of the patient. To avoid this effect the drug should not be given as an intravenous bolus injection but by slow infusion over a one-hour period.
+Adequate hydration should be maintained. Renal impairment usually responds rapidly to rehydration of the patient and/or dosage reduction or withdrawal of the drug. Progression to acute renal failure however, can occur in exceptional cases.
Frequency is not known for the following undesirable effects:
General disorders and administration site conditions:
Local necrosis and inflammation have occurred when Aciclovir 25 mg/ml Concentrate for Solution for Infusion has been inadvertently infused into extravascular tissues. Severe local inflammatory reactions or phlebitis have occurred at the injection site sometimes leading to breakdown of the skin. These local effects occur more frequently following inadvertent infusion of Aciclovir into extravascular tissues.
In case of high doses thirst has been reported in patients who had been treated previously with Aciclovir.
Psychiatric and nervous system disorders:
Lethargy, paraesthesia, and reversible psychiatric effects
Other less frequent adverse effects reported in patients receiving therapy with Aciclovir 25 mg/ml Concentrate for Solution for Infusion include:
Skin and subcutaneous disorders:
diaphoresis, leukocytoclastic vasculitis, erythema multiforme
Renal and urinary disorders:
Blood and lymphatic system disorders:
In immunocompromised patients also: thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpra/haemolytic uraemic syndrome (sometimes fatal)
Reporting of suspected adverse reactions
Reporting suspected adverse reactions after authorisation of the medicinal product is important.
Toxicity and treatment of overdosage
Overdosage of intravenous aciclovir has resulted in elevations of serum creatinine, blood urea nitrogen and subsequent renal failure. Neurological effects including confusion, hallucinations, agitation, seizures and coma have been described in association with overdosage. Adequate hydration is essential to reduce the possibility of crystal formation in the urine. Patients should be observed closely for signs of toxicity. Aciclovir can be removed from the circulation by haemodialysis which may, therefore, be considered an option in the management of overdose of this drug.
- Pharmacological properties
5.1 Pharmacodynamic properties
Pharmacotherapeutic group: − Direct acting antivirals – nucleosides and nucleotides excluding reverse transcriptase inhibitors.
Mode of action: Aciclovir is a synthetic acyclic purine nucleoside analogue with in vitro and in vivo inhibitory activity against human Herpes viruses, including Herpes simplex virus types 1 and 2 and Varicella zoster virus (VZV), Epstein Barr virus (EBV) and Cytomegalovirus (CMV). In cell culture aciclovir has the greatest antiviral activity against HSV-1, followed (in decreasing order of potency) by HSV-2, VZV, EBV, and CMV.
The inhibitory activity of aciclovir for HSV-1, HSV-2, VZV and EBV is highly selective. The enzyme thymidine kinase (TK) of normal, uninfected cells does not use aciclovir effectively as a substrate, hence toxicity to mammalian host cells is low; however, TK encoded by HSV, VZV and EBV converts aciclovir to aciclovir monophosphate, a nucleoside analogue, which is further converted to the diphosphate and finally to the triphosphate by cellular enzymes. Aciclovir needs to be phosphorylated to the active compound aciclovir triphosphate, in order to become active against the virus. Aciclovir triphosphate acts as an inhibitor of, and a substrate for, the herpes specified DNA polymerase preventing further viral DNA synthesis.
5.2 Pharmacokinetic properties
In adults, the terminal plasma half-life of aciclovir after the administration of Aciclovir 25 mg/ml Concentrate for Solution for Infusion is about 3 hours. Aciclovir is widely distributed in tissues and body fluids. Approximately 75-80% of the drug is excreted unchanged by the kidney. Renal clearance of aciclovir is substantially greater than creatinine clearance, indicating that tubular secretion, in addition to glomerular filtration, contributes to the renal elimination of the drug. 9-carboxymethoxymethylguanine is the major significant metabolite of aciclovir and accounts for 10 to 15% of the dose excreted in the urine.
In adults, mean steady state peak (Cssmax) plasma concentrations following a one-hour infusion, and trough levels (Cssmin) 7 hours later, were:
|Dose||2.5 mg/kg||5 mg/kg||10 mg/kg||15 mg/kg|
|Cssmax in µmol/L (µg/ml)||22.7 (5.1)||43.6 (9.8)||92 (20.7)||105 (23.6)|
|Cssmin, after 7 hours, in µmol/L (µg/ml)||2.2 (0.5)||3.1 (0.7)||10.2 (2.3)||8.8 (2.0)|
In children over 1 year of age similar mean peak (Cssmax) and trough (Cssmin) levels were observed when a dose of 250 mg/m2 was substituted for 5 mg/kg and a dose of 500 mg/m2 was substituted for 10 mg/kg.
In neonates (0 to 3 months of age) treated with doses of 10 mg/kg administered by infusion over a one-hour period every 8 hours the Cssmax was found to be 61.2 micromolar (13.8 microgram/ml) and the Cssmin to be 10.1 micromolar (2.3 microgram/ml). A separate group of neonates treated with 15 mg/kg every 8 hours showed approximate dose proportional increases, with a Cmax of 83.5 micromolar (18.8 microgram/ml) and Cmin of 14.1 micromolar (3.2 microgram/ml).
The terminal plasma half-life in neonates was approximately 4 hours. In the elderly, total body clearance falls with increasing age and is associated with decreases in creatinine clearance although there is little change in the terminal plasma half-life.
In patients with end stage renal failure the plasma half-life is increased, extending to a mean terminal half-life of approximately 20 hours. The mean aciclovir half-life during haemodialysis was 5.7 hours. Plasma aciclovir levels dropped approximately 60% during dialysis.
In a clinical study in which morbidly obese female patients (n=7) were dosed with intravenous aciclovir based on their actual body weight, plasma concentrations were found to be approximately twice that of normal weight patients (n=5), consistent with the difference in body weight between the two groups.
Cerebrospinal fluid levels are approximately 50% of corresponding plasma levels.
Plasma protein binding is relatively low (9 to 33%) and drug interactions involving binding site displacement are not anticipated.
5.3 Preclinical safety data
The results of a wide range of mutagenicity tests in vitro and in vivo indicate that aciclovir is unlikely to pose a genetic risk to man.
Aciclovir was not found to be carcinogenic in long-term studies in the rat and the mouse.
Systemic administration of aciclovir in internationally accepted standard tests did not produce embryotoxic or teratogenic effects in rabbits, rats or mice. Animal studies indicate that at high dose aciclovir is cytotoxic.
In a non-standard test in rats, foetal abnormalities were observed but only following such high subcutaneous doses that maternal toxicity was produced. The clinical relevance of these findings is uncertain.
Largely reversible adverse effects on spermatogenesis in association with overall toxicity in rats and dogs have been reported only at doses of aciclovir greatly in excess of those employed therapeutically. Two-generation studies in mice did not reveal any effect of (orally administered) aciclovir on fertility.
There is no experience of the effect of Aciclovir 25 mg/ml Concentrate for Solution for Infusion on human fertility. Aciclovir tablets have been shown to have no definitive effect upon sperm count, morphology or motility in man.
- Pharmaceutical particulars
6.1 List of excipients
Water for Injections
In the manufacture of the finished product sodium hydroxide and / or hydrochloric acid are used for pH adjustment.
This medicinal product must not be mixed with other medicinal products except those mentioned in section 6.6.
Aciclovir sodium is reported to be incompatible with solutions of amifostine, amsacrine, aztreonam, diltiazem hydrochloride, dobutamine hydrochloride, dopamine hydrochloride, fludarabine phosphate, foscarnet sodium, idarubicin hydrochloride, meropenem, morphine sulphate, ondansetron hydrochloride, pethidine hydrochloride, piperacillin sodium – tazobactam sodium, sargramostim and vinorelbine tartrate.
Do not use bacteriostatic water for injection containing parabens or benzyl alcohol. Biologic or colloidal fluids (e.g. blood products, protein containing solutions) are incompatible with aciclovir sodium.
6.3 Shelf life
As packaged: 2 years.
After dilution: Chemical and physical in-use stability has been demonstrated for 12 hours at 25°C. From a microbiological point of view the product should be used immediately. If not used immediately, in-use storage times and conditions prior to use are the responsibility of the user. When dilution is carried out under validated aseptic conditions, the product may be stored for a maximum of 12 hours at room temperature, below 25°C.
6.4 Special precautions for storage
Do not store above 25°C. Do not refrigerate or freeze.
6.5 Nature and contents of container
Clear, type I glass vials with butyl rubber stopper and an aluminium seal with a plastic ‘flip-off’ top. Packs of 5 vials (250 mg/10 ml) or (500 mg/20 ml) per carton, and as a single vial (1 g/40 ml) in a carton.
6.6 Special precautions for disposal and other handling
Aciclovir 25 mg/ml Concentrate for Solution for Infusion contains no preservative. Dilution should therefore be carried out immediately before use under full aseptic conditions and any unused solution should be discarded.
Refrigeration is not recommended as precipitation may occur.
For adults, it is recommended that infusion bags containing 100 ml of infusion fluid are used, even when this would give an aciclovir concentration substantially below 0.5% w/v. Thus one 100 ml infusion bag may be used for any dose between 250 mg and 500 mg aciclovir but a second bag must be used for doses between 500 and 1000 mg. Aciclovir 25 mg/ml Concentrate for Solution for Infusion should not be diluted to a concentration greater than 5 mg/ml (0.5%w/v) for administration by infusion. After addition of Aciclovir 25 mg/ml Concentrate for Solution for Infusion to an infusion solution the mixture should be shaken to ensure thorough mixing.
For children and neonates, where it is advisable to keep the volume of infusion fluid to a minimum, it is recommended that dilution is on the basis of 4 ml of solution (100 mg aciclovir) added to 20 ml of infusion fluid.
When diluted in accordance with the recommended schedules, Aciclovir 25 mg/ml Concentrate for Solution for Infusion is known to be compatible with the infusion fluids listed below:
Sodium Chloride Intravenous Infusion 0.9% w/v;
Sodium Chloride (0.18% w/v) and Glucose (4% w/v) Intravenous Infusion;
Sodium Chloride (0.9% w/v) and Glucose (5% w/v) Intravenous Infusion;
Sodium Chloride (0.45% w/v) and Glucose (2.5% w/v) Intravenous Infusion;
Compound Sodium Lactate Intravenous Infusion (Hartmann’s Solution).
Aciclovir 25 mg/ml Concentrate for Solution for Infusion when diluted in accordance with the above schedule will give an aciclovir concentration not greater than 0.5% w/v.
Aciclovir 25 mg/ml Concentrate for Solution for Infusion contains no preservative.
Should any visible turbidity or crystallisation appear in the solution before or during infusion, the preparation should be discarded.
7.Manufactured in India by:
TAJ PHARMACEUTICALS LTD.
Unit No. 214.Old Bake House,
Maharashtra chambers of Commerce Lane,
Fort, Mumbai – 400001
Customer Service and Product Inquiries:
1-800-TRY-FIRST (1-800-222-434 & 1-800-222-825)
Monday through Saturday 9:00 a.m. to 7:00 p.m. EST
Aciclovir for injection USP 250mg/10ml Taj Pharma
Aciclovir for injection USP 500mg/10ml Taj Pharma
Aciclovir for injection USP 1000mg/20ml Taj Pharma
Package leaflet: Information for the user
Read all of this leaflet carefully before you start using this medicine because it contains important information for you.
- Keep this leaflet. You may need to read it
- If you have any further questions, ask your doctor, pharmacist or
- If you get any side effects, talk to your doctor, pharmacist or nurse. This includes any possible side effects not listed in this leaflet. See section
What is in this leaflet
- What Aciclovir Sterile Concentrate is and what it is used for
- What you need to know before you use Aciclovir Sterile Concentrate
- How to use Aciclovir Sterile Concentrate
- Possible side effects
- How to store Aciclovir Sterile Concentrate
- Contents of the pack and other information
1. What Aciclovir Sterile Concentrate is and what it is used for
Aciclovir Sterile Concentrate is an anti-viral medicine. It is used:
- to treat severe genital herpes
- to prevent or treat Herpes simplex infections (may appear as cold sores around the lips or as blisters on any part of the skin including the genitals) in patients whose immune system is not working properly
- to treat Varicella zoster viral infections (chicken pox and shingles)
- to treat herpes encephalitis (inflammation of the brain following infection with herpes)
- to treat Herpes simplex infections in very young babies or in infants up to 3 months of age
2. What you need to know before you use Aciclovir Sterile Concentrate
Do not use Aciclovir Sterile Concentrate:
- if you are allergic to aciclovir or valaciclovir or any of the other ingredients of this medicine (listed in section 6).
Do not use Aciclovir Sterile Concentrate if the above applies to you. If you are not sure, talk to your doctor or pharmacist before using Aciclovir Sterile Concentrate.
Warnings and precautions
Talk to your doctor, pharmacist or nurse before using Aciclovir Sterile Concentrate if:
- if you have kidney problems
- if you are over 65 years of age
If you are not sure if the above apply to you, talk to your doctor, pharmacist or nurse before using Aciclovir Sterile Concentrate.
It is important that you drink plenty of water while using Aciclovir Sterile Concentrate.
Other medicines and Aciclovir Sterile Concentrate
Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are using, have recently used or might use any other medicines.
In particular tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are taking any of the following medicines:
- probenecid, used to treat gout
- cimetidine, used to treat stomach ulcers
- tacrolimus, ciclosporin or mycophenolate mofetil, used to stop your body rejecting transplanted organs
- theophylline (a medicine used to treat some breathing disorders)
- lithium (a medicine used for manic-depressive disorder)
Pregnancy, breast-feeding and fertility
If you are pregnant or breast-feeding, think you may be pregnant or are planning to have a baby, ask your doctor or pharmacist for advice before using this medicine.
Aciclovir Sterile Concentrate contains sodium
Aciclovir Sterile Concentrate contains 2.67 mg/ml (0.116 mmol/ml) sodium. To be taken into consideration by patients on a controlled sodium diet.
3. How to use Aciclovir Sterile Concentrate
This medicine will be diluted with a solution such as sodium chloride 0.9% before it is given to you. It will be given to you by a slow infusion (drip) into a vein over a period of at least 1 hour. You may be given fluids to ensure you do not become dehydrated.
If Aciclovir Sterile Concentrate accidentally gets into your eyes or onto your skin, tell your doctor or nurse immediately so that it may be washed away.
The dose of medicine given to you and how often you are given it will be determined by your doctor and will depend on your medical condition, age, size and how well your kidneys are working.
Treatment with aciclovir usually lasts 5 days depending on how quickly you get better. However, treatment for herpes encephalitis usually lasts for at least 10 days. For very young babies treatment for herpes typically lasts 14 days for skin/eye/mouth infections and for 21 days for infections affecting the whole body.
If aciclovir is being given to prevent a viral infection, it will be given for the period your doctor thinks you are at risk of getting an infection.
If you are given more or too little Aciclovir Sterile Concentrate
This medicine will be given to you in a hospital, under the supervision of a doctor. It is unlikely that you will be given too much or too little, however, tell your doctor or nurse if you have any concerns.
If you have been given too much aciclovir you may:
- feel confused or agitated
- have hallucinations (seeing or hearing things that aren’t there)
- have fits
- become unconscious (coma)
4. Possible side effects
Like all medicines, this medicine can cause side effects, although not everybody gets them.
If any of the following happen, tell your doctor immediately:
- severe allergic reaction – you may experience a sudden itchy rash (hives), swelling of the hands, feet, ankles, face, lips, mouth or throat (which may cause difficulty in swallowing or breathing), and you may feel you are going to faint
- changes in your blood cells e.g. anaemia and/or reduced white blood cells and/or lowered platelet levels (leading to unexplained bruising). Your doctor may take blood samples to monitor for these
- yellowing of the skin and whites of the eyes (jaundice)
- pain or swelling at the injection site during or immediately after the injection
- convulsions or fits
- confusion or unusual and disordered thoughts (psychosis)
- trembling or shaking
- difficulty breathing, shortness of breath
- difficulty in controlling movements
- problems with your speech
- kidney problems or failure, including blood in urine
- a severe form of rash with itchy pink-red blotches (erythema multiforme), which may blister
- in patients who have a compromised immune system:
- a rare disorder of the blood clotting system called thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura, which may give you bruising, headaches, hallucinations and also blood clots in the kidneys
- a severe form of anaemia called haemolytic uraemic syndrome, which may make you look pale and feel tired due to anaemia, and give you bruising and kidney problems
These side effects are very rare.
Other side effects
Common: may affect up to 1 in 10 people
- inflammation (soreness, redness and swelling) along the vein used for the infusion
- feeling or being sick
- rash, hives or sensitivity of the skin to light
- changes in your liver and kidney function (Your doctor may take blood samples to monitor for these)
Uncommon: may affect up to 1 in 100 people
- reduced numbers of red blood cells (anaemia)
- reduced numbers of white blood cells (leukopenia)
- reduced numbers of blood platelets (thrombocytopenia)
Very rare: may affect up to 1 in 10,000 people
- sweating or fever
- abdominal pain
- feeling unusually sleepy
- problem of the brain (encephalopathy)
- pain in your lower back, the kidney area of your back or pain when passing urine (renal pain)
Frequency unknown (frequency cannot be estimated from the available data)
- low blood pressure (you may feel dizzy when you stand up)
- rupture of red blood cells (haemolysis)
- problems with small blood vessels (leukocytoclastic vasculitis)
- tingling or numbness
Reporting of side effects
If you get any side effects, talk to your doctor or pharmacist. This includes any possible side effects not listed in this leaflet.
5. How to store Aciclovir Sterile Concentrate
Keep this medicine out of the sight and reach of children.
Do not use this medicine after the expiry date which is stated on the label and carton after “EXP”. The expiry date refers to the last day of that month.
Do not store above 25ºC. Do not refrigerate.
Visible signs of deterioration
Do not use this medicine if you notice visible particles in it.
6. Content of the pack and other information What Aciclovir Sterile Concentrate contains
- The active substance is aciclovir. Each millilitre (ml) of sterile concentrate contains 25 milligrams (mg) of aciclovir (as aciclovir sodium).
- The other ingredients are sodium hydroxide and Water for Injections. Sodium hydroxide and/or hydrochloric acid are used to adjust the pH of the
What Aciclovir Sterile Concentrate looks like and contents of the pack
Aciclovir Sterile Concentrate is a concentrate for solution for infusion (sterile concentrate). This means it is a concentrated solution, which is diluted then given as an infusion (drip). It comes in glass containers called vials.
It may be supplied in packs containing:
- 5 x 250 mg/10 ml vials
- 5 x 500 mg/20 ml vials
- 1 x1 g/40 ml vial
Not all pack sizes may be marketed.
7.Manufactured in India by:
TAJ PHARMACEUTICALS LTD.
Unit No. 214.Old Bake House,
Maharashtra chambers of Commerce Lane,
Fort, Mumbai – 400001
Customer Service and Product Inquiries:
1-800-TRY-FIRST (1-800-222-434 & 1-800-222-825)
Monday through Saturday 9:00 a.m. to 7:00 p.m. EST