Japan has the world’s second-biggest economy achieving an economic miracle in the second half of the 20th Century that was the envy of the
rest of the world.

Its role in the international community is considerable. It is a major aid donor and a source of global capital and credit.

For the majority life in Japan is urban. More than three quarters of the population live in sprawling cities on the coastal fringes of Japan’s four mountainous wooded islands.